out these links for help with your projects in social studies
ACLU On . . . -- explanations of the American Civil
Liberties Union's position on a wide variety of civil rights
and civil liberties issues, including affirmative action,
lifestyle discrimination in the workplace, violent crime in
America, unjust firings at work, popular music under siege,
three-strikes-you're-out sentencing programs, racist speech
on campus, gun control, national identity cards, abortion
clinic access, the federal Freedom of Information Act, school
prayer, and immigrants and the economy.
Action Debate, The -- an editorial in The Vision,
the Independent African-American newspaper of the University
Action -- a project by Eli Awtrey, a student at the
University of Oregon focusing on "...the status of affirmative
action programs in education nationwide and/or worldwide,
the results of these programs, the philosophical intentions
of the creators, negative results attached with affirmative
action programs, and how they can be corrected."
Action for U.S. Veterans (38 USC 4142, et. al) --
veterans' employment rights under federal contracts.
Action: Who Benefits? -- from the American Psychological
Association, "This document integrates and summarizes
key points made by several presenters at a briefing given
by psychologists and social scientists for members of Congress.
Discussion included the varieties of affirmative action policies
and how these policies compare with equal employment opportunity
policies; current data on workforce participation of women
and ethnic minorities, and the barriers these groups face
to equal representation in income and employment; research
into contemporary forms of racism that affirmative action
policies must address; procedural standards employed by courts
in evaluating affirmative action programs and means to ensure
procedural fairness for all groups; means to ensure that affirmative
action policies are balanced and work for everyone; and the
historical and political context in which affirmative action
programs came into existence."
Discrimination in Employment Act (29 U.S.C. §§ 621
- 634) -- bans employment discrimination based on
age for anyone forty years of age or older.
for Justice -- a coalition "dedicated to securing
access to justice, strengthening public interest and the next
generation of advocates."
Civil Liberties Union -- working to "assure that
the Bill of Rights are preserved for each new generation."
Council on Education -- "...the nation's umbrella
higher education association... dedicated to the belief that
equal educational opportunity and a strong higher education
system are essential cornerstones of a democratic society...
a forum for the discussion of major issues related to higher
education and its potential to contribute to the quality of
American life... seeks to advance the interests and goals
of higher and adult education in a changing environment by
providing leadership and advocacy on important issues, representing
the views of the higher and adult education community to policy
Jewish Committee -- their "basic premise is that
the safety and security of Jews must be constantly watched
over and never be taken for granted, and that no group can
be sure of its rights and freedoms unless those of all groups
Anti-Discrimination Committee -- "a civil rights
organization committed to defending the rights of people of
Arab descent and promoting their cultural heritage."
With Disabilities Act Document Center -- contains
the Act itself, as well as federal guidelines, technical data,
and a variety of other documents.
with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. §§ 12101
- 12213) -- gives protections to qualified individuals
with disabilities, guarantees equal opportunity in employment,
public accommodations, transportation, state and local government
services, and telecommunications.
International -- "contributes to the observance
throughout the world of human rights as set out in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights."
League -- "world's leading organization fighting
anti-Semitism through programs and services that counteract
hatred, prejudice and bigotry."
Books Week: Celebrating the Freedom to Read -- "provides
information about challenged and banned books, online from
the American Library Association."
Church Fires: Resource Guide (GBGM) -- a descriptive
list of the burned churches of predominantly Black congregations
in the past several years.
Black Experience in America by Norman Coombs - - the Project
Gutenberg Edition -- recounts part of the fight for
equality and fair treatment under law in the U.S. by black
Americans. This site gives links to download the electronic
text in either text or zipped formats, from several worldwide
locations, so the visitor can "download" the file
and read the entire book via a computer (thanks to Project
Gutenberg, it is available online in its entirety). Author
Norman Coombs wrote this book in 1993.
Ribbon Campaign for Online Free Speech -- from the
Electronic Frontier Foundation, describes itself as the "Grassroots
campaign for online intellectual freedom."
of Liberties -- If you're interested in the censorship
of books over the centuries, this is the Web site for you!
It focuses on censorship of the humanities, includes an interactive
books exhibition, online from the Texas Humanities Resource
Center. Their front page includes this: "The bonfire
was a very efficient form of censorship in an age when books
handwritten and existed in few copies. But in the era of printing
andmass markets, burning a book has been reduced to merely
a shocking gesture. To be effective, censors have had to devise
other methods of restricting access to publications deemed
offensive or dangerous." This site is heavily graphic,
includes many posters, book covers, and other artwork. Topics
in the "Outline" include Forms of Censorship, The
Public Forum, A Reader's Rights, By Faith Forbidden, Foreclosing
Ideas, Much Ado About Drama, Restrictions In Wonderland, Silenced
Minorities, A Dangerous Book, and A Dangerous Writer.
v. Board of Education -- online from Cornell University,
the complete text of this famous and important U.S. Supreme
Court case can be found quickly by searching through the "Historic
Supreme Court Decisions - by Party Name" page.
Civil Rights Initiative -- goal is to "end race-
and sex-based quotas, preferences and set-asides in state
employment, contracting and education."
for Democracy and Technology -- attempts to "develop
and advocate public policies that advance constitutional civil
liberties and democratic values in new technologies."
for Equal Opportunity -- ultra-conservative organization
that discusses its own view on three areas in particular:
racial preferences, immigration and assimilation, and multicultural
Burning and Rebuilding -- from the National Council
of Churches, a descriptive list of burned churches with predominantly
Black congregations in the U.S. during the past few years.
Commission on Civil Rights -- "...committed to
the revitalization of a progressive civil rights agenda at
the national level. Its work is grounded in the belief that
such an agenda benefits the entire country, not just particular
Internet Empowerment Coalition -- group of "Internet
users, library groups, publishers, online service providers
and civil liberties groups fighting for the future of the
1st Amendment and freedom of expression in the information
Liberties -- from the ever-popular WWW index, About.Com,
this Web page includes links to civil liberties sites and
related subjects, as well.
Rights -- from the Michigan Electronic Library, links
to sites and more.
Rights Act of 1964 -- full text of the document, online
from the U.S. government
Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice
-- includes "statements and information relating to civil
rights issues from the perspective of the U.S. Department
Rights Laws of the United States -- online from Cornell
University School of Law.
Rights and Discrimination -- constitutional law materials,
equal protection, 1st Amendment, online from the Legal Information
Institute at Cornell Law School.
Policy Issues Page -- "articles, legislation,
and background information on the cryptography policy debate,
online from the Center for Democracy and Technology."
of Affirmative Action, The -- online (originally)
from the Internet journal Meanderings, now called Gravity,
a "first-hand account" from one of the benefactors
of affirmative action.
Frontier Foundation -- a non-profit, non-partisan
interest group "working in the public interest to protect
privacy, free expression, and access to public resources and
information online, as well as to promote responsibility in
Privacy Information Center -- "established .
. . to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties
issues and to protect privacy, the 1st Amendment, and constitutional
Pay Act of 1963 (29 USC § 206) -- forbids pay
differentials based on gender.
Protection: An Overview -- legal issues from the FindLaw
Internet Legal Resources.
Majority Foundation -- "...views feminism as
a global movement dedicated to equality and seeks to eliminate
discrimination of all kinds -- sex, race, orientation, age,
religion, national origin, disability, and marital status.
And, like feminists since the late 19th Century, we advocate
non-violence and work to eliminate social and economic injustice."
Forum First Amendment Center -- "News, commentary,
analysis and other information on the First Amendment
the cornerstone of democracy, the amendment that keeps us
Glass Ceiling Commission -- "The Glass Ceiling
refers to invisible, artificial barriers that prevent qualified
individuals from advancing within their organization and reaching
full potential. The term originally described the point beyond
which women managers and executives, particularly white women,
were not promoted. Today it is evident that ceilings and walls
exist throughout most workplaces for minorities and women.
These barriers result from institutional and psychological
practices, and limit the advancement and mobility opportunities
of men and women of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds."
Reader, a Web browser plug-in available for free download))
Internet Liberty Campaign -- "coalition of organizations
that have banned together to promote human rights and civil
liberties on the net"
Rights Watch -- "contains names of human rights
organizations... and resources... of use to human rights activists
Rights Web -- "provides links to several Human
Defense of Affirmative Action -- online from In
Law Library -- links, links, and more links.
of United Latin American Citizens -- "working
since 1929 to assure our fellow Hispanic citizens a good education,
a better job, and the civil rights promised to every American."
Issue Summary: Affirmative Action and the Courts --
online from Hastings, this research project discusses court
decisions and analyzes affirmative action legal issues.
Luther King Jr.(Seattle Times) -- a site that offers
a tribute to Dr. King.
Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University
-- the papers of Dr. King, and more.
Activist - Anti-Racism & Ant-Discrimination Organizations
& Websites -- large site with multiple resources,
including lots of hyperlinks to many anti-racism organizations
Association for the Advancement of Colored People
-- "objective is to ensure the political, educational,
social and economic equality of minority group citizens in
the United States."
Association of Latino Elected Officials Education Fund (NALEO)
-- "established in 1981 to promote the participation
of Latinos in the nation's civic life."
Times -- online from the National Organization for
Women (NOW), includes two articles entitled NOW Vows to
Save Affirmative Action, and The Origins of Affirmative
Urban League -- "mission is to assist African
Americans in the achievement of social and economic equality."
Origins of Affirmative Action -- online from the National
Organization for Women.
for the American Way -- "represents more than
300,000 members and activists committed to fighting the Religious
Right's political agenda."
International -- "Human Rights group that monitors
privacy and surveillance issues world wide."
Rights Clearinghouse -- "offers consumers a unique
opportunity to learn how to protect their personal privacy,
provides fact sheets on existing law in different areas of
Diana Database -- "compiles documents, treaties,
conventions, legal briefs and bibliographies related to Human
and Affirmative Action -- includes a collection of
articles -- some more current than others -- from The Atlantic
Racism, or How the Pot Got to Call the Kettle Black
-- "In America 'whites once set themselves apart from
blacks and claimed privileges for themselves while denying
them to others," the author writes. "Now, on the basis of
race, blacks are claiming special status and reserving for
themselves privileges they deny to others. Isn't one as bad
as the other? The answer is no.'"
Poverty Law Center -- "a nonprofit organization
that combats hate, intolerance and discrimination through
education and litigation."
States Commission on Civil Rights -- "an independent,
bi-partisan agency first established by Congress in 1957 and
re-established in 1983."
States Department of Health and Human Services, Office for
Civil Rights -- from its mission statement: "The
Department of Health and Human Services, through the Office
for Civil Rights, promotes and ensures that people have equal
access to and opportunity to participate in and receive services
in all HHS programs without facing unlawful discrimination.
Through prevention and elimination of unlawful discrimination,
the Office for Civil Rights helps HHS carry out its overall
mission of improving the health and well-being of all people
affected by its many programs."
States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
-- "The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
(EEOC) was established by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
of 1964 and began operating on July 2, 1965. The EEOC enforces
the principal federal statutes prohibiting employment discrimination..."
of the Civil Rights Era -- sound clips, speeches,
Telecommunications Watch -- "a volunteer organization
concentrating on legislation as it relates to telecommunications
and civil liberties."
Rights Act -- online from Cornell University.