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Online Lessons 16-17-18 Practice Test



This practice test covers these lessons -
      Lesson 16:  Structure of the House of Representatives
      Lesson 17:  Structure of the Senate
      Lesson 18:  Passage of a Bill

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The reason most individuals are attracted to serve in Congress would be
a.
the high salary that they otherwise would never be able to make in the private sector.
b.
the retirement system of the federal government and Congress.
c.
the opportunity and the power to make key policy decisions for the nation.
d.
the travel and other “perks” of a member of Congress.
e.
the opportunity to continually run for political office.
 

 2. 

Which of the following is a TRUE  statement about the requirement for Congressional membership?
a.
One must be at least 35 years old to serve in either the House or the Senate.
b.
There are no other age requirements other than being 18 and old enough to vote and register in a political party due to the Twenty-Sixth Amendment.
c.
One must be at least 35 years old to serve in the House of Representatives.
d.
One must be at least 21 years old to serve in the House of Representatives.
e.
One must be at least 30 years old to serve in the Senate.
 

 3. 

The most common profession of Senators and Representatives prior to joining Congress is
a.
businessmen or working in the financial industry.
b.
lawmaker at the local and state levels.
c.
attorneys, in the legal profession.
d.
educators, teachers, and college professors.
e.
bureaucrat in the state or national governments.
 

 4. 

Typically, members of the House and Senate can claim ___?___ of the American people.
a.
descriptive representation
b.
both descriptive and substantive representation.
c.
substantive representative, but not descriptive representation.
d.
elite representation.
e.
personal representation.
 

 5. 

Federal grants and projects that members of Congress secure for their individual districts or states, regardless of their budgetary impact, are called
a.
the franking privilege.
b.
casework.
c.
affirmative action.
d.
bills.
e.
pork barrel projects.
 

 6. 

Which of the following happens immediately after the federal census?
a.
The major leadership in both houses of Congress is required by law to change.
b.
The membership of the House is reapportioned among all of the states.
c.
The membership of both houses of Congress are reapportioned.
d.
The number of the House members is altered to adjust to the population growth of the United States; as the population rises, the total House membership increases.
e.
The Supreme Court must review the House apportionment and either call for a change or leave the membership as is.
 

 7. 

The best description of a bicameral legislative system is
a.
one that has two lawmaking chambers than can provide checks on policy making decisions.
b.
a system that allows incumbents to move between two lawmaking chambers during elections.
c.
the sharing of power between two bodies, the president and the legislature.
d.
a two-party system that controls the legislature.
e.
a political system dominated by two branches of government with other less important branches taking their directions from the primary power branches.
 

 8. 

The House ___?___ Committee reviews almost all bills and acts as the “traffic cop” of the chamber.
a.
Ways and Means
b.
Transportation
c.
Rules
d.
Ethics
e.
Judicial
 

 9. 

In general, one of the main differences between the Senate and the House of Representatives is that the House
a.
has fewer rules pertaining to debate and legislative action.
b.
has more policy specialization, in that members of the House tend to become more specialized in one or two main issues or topics.
c.
is smaller and more elite than the Senate.
d.
has staff for the individual members and the committees that is not found in the Senate.
e.
has greater policy impact on foreign affairs.
 

 10. 

A filibuster is
a.
a method of introducing a new bill to the House of Representatives.
b.
a method of introducing a new bill to the Senate.
c.
the system whereby the President can introduce legislation into either chamber.
d.
the method of attempting to end the progress of a bill by delay tactics in the House.
e.
the method of attempting to end the progress of a bill by delay tactics in the Senate.
 

 11. 

The method of ending debate in the Senate, so a bill can be voted on, is called
a.
the free frank.
b.
overriding a veto.
c.
“Rules of the Senate.”
d.
cloture.
e.
sine die.
 

 12. 

A ___?___ committee in either chamber of Congress is one that specializes in certain policy areas and exists from one Congressional session to the next.
a.
conference
b.
standing
c.
select
d.
joint
e.
special
 

 13. 

The real business of both chambers happens in their
a.
floor actions.
b.
Rules Committee.
c.
offices, with their staffs.
d.
committees and subcommittees.
e.
district caucuses.
 

 14. 

When the House and the Senate have differing versions of the same bill, a ___?___ is required to reach an agreement or compromise bill.
a.
conference committee
b.
joint committee
c.
standing committee
d.
specialized committee
e.
rules committee
 

 15. 

When individual members of Congress or Congressional committees hold public hearings to question a member of the bureaucracy, they are carrying out their obligation to
a.
do casework.
b.
filibuster the bureaucracy.
c.
conduct oversight.
d.
set the legislative agenda.
e.
create governing coalitions.
 

 16. 

Most bills before Congress
a.
become laws.
b.
are passed by both chambers but receive executive vetoes.
c.
are defeated in the final floor vote by one or the other chamber.
d.
are passed by both chambers but fail to reach compromise in conference committees.
e.
are quietly killed in the early processes of committee and sub-committee action.
 

 17. 

Revenue bills
a.
must start in the Senate.
b.
may start in either chamber, but must pass the House Ways and Means Committee to become law.
c.
must be initiated in the House.
d.
can only be introduced into either the House or Senate by a member of the executive branch.
e.
generally require a special committee to work out their details.
 

 18. 

The President can most effectively influence the Congress by
a.
meeting with small groups of members of both chambers to discuss policy.
b.
using the line item veto.
c.
threatening to veto all bills until Congress agrees with executive branch policy goals.
d.
vetoing appropriation bills.
e.
threatening to by-pass the congressional process and use executive orders to get policy goals achieved.
 

 19. 

When it comes to how senators and representatives go about representing the people back in their state or district, most political scientists would call members of Congress
a.
trustees.
b.
politicos.
c.
instructed delegates.
d.
individualists.
e.
ideologues.
 

 20. 

Which of the following is NOT part of the duties of committee staff members in the House or the Senate?
a.
organizing hearings with members of the bureaucracy
b.
legislative oversight of the executive branch
c.
writing legislation
d.
advising committee members on details of impending legislation
e.
providing casework services for constituents
 



 
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