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Online Lessons 19-20-21-22-23 Practice Test



This quiz covers these lessons -
      Lesson 19:  The Nature of a President
      Lesson 20:  Presidential Roles
      Lesson 21:  The White House
      Lesson 22:  Presidential Politics, Polls, and the Press
      Lesson 23:  The Budget

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which is NOT a qualification for the office of President?
a.
35 years old or older
b.
14 years a resident of the United States
c.
a registered voter in his state
d.
born in the United States
e.
a citizen of the United States
 

 2. 

The 22ndAmendment
a.
provided for the President and Vice President to run for office together.
b.
granted the President the power as commander of all of the military.
c.
gave Congress the ability to remove the President when necessary.
d.
set a method to replace a disabled or deceased President.
e.
set term limits on the President.
 

 3. 

The 25th Amendment
a.
provided for the President and Vice President to run for office together.
b.
granted the President the power as commander of all of the military.
c.
gave Congress the ability to remove the President when necessary.
d.
set a method to replace a disabled or deceased President.
e.
set term limits on the President.
 

 4. 

To impeach the President, Congress must
a.
have a majority vote by the Senate.
b.
have a majority vote by the House of Representatives.
c.
have a 2/3 vote in the Senate.
d.
have a 2/3 vote in the House of Representatives.
e.
have a majority vote in both the House and the Senate.
 

 5. 

The power that a President has can be understood best as
a.
limited power, shared with the other branches.
b.
unlimited in its scope.
c.
mostly ceremonial and much more limited than most Americans think.
d.
being almost dictatorial in the early years of the nation, but today it is much more limited.
e.
totally dominating the two other branches.
 

 6. 

Which of the following is NOT a presidential power that is enumerated in the Constitution?
a.
commander of the armed forces
b.
appointer of all Congressional leaders of the President’s party
c.
the ability to make treaties with Senate confirmation
d.
the ability to appoint all federal judges with Senate confirmation
e.
the ability to appoint officers of the federal bureaucracy
 

 7. 

The President has the authority to make treaties
a.
with the approval of  2/3 of the House of Representatives.
b.
with a majority approval in the Senate.
c.
with both chambers of Congress approving the treaty with a simple majority.
d.
with a majority of the Senate’s approval.
e.
with the approval of 2/3 of the Senate.
 

 8. 

The most effective method the President has to influence the bureaucracy is
a.
by totally cutting off their budget.
b.
by eliminating federal offices.
c.
by appointing top level administrators.
d.
by changing the jobs of the street level bureaucrats.
e.
by using executive agreements to force bureaucrats to do his bidding.
 

 9. 

When questioning Americans on their approval or disapproval of the President’s effectiveness,
a.
over a million Americans must be queried in order to get accurate results.
b.
random samples are the key to accurate polls.
c.
call-in polls tend to be the most accurate assessment.
d.
Internet polling is the newest and most accurate method of polling.
e.
few people trust or even care about poll results.
 

 10. 

Which of the following statements is NOT a criticism of public opinion polling?
a.
Polls can distort elections by creating a “bandwagon” effect.
b.
Polls must be used with care by leaders since they only reflect the passive belief of the public.
c.
Leaders who use polls to base their decisions on are not utilizing strong leadership, but instead are just following trends.
d.
Polls can be misleading if not properly constructed and conducted and should always be looked at with careful scrutiny.
e.
The wide margins of error in polls make them very poor reflections of the public’s attitudes.
 

 11. 

Over the course of a President’s career, public opinion polls
a.
generally show a President becoming more popular the longer in office.
b.
most often show a President losing popularity the longer in office.
c.
almost always show a President’s popularity stays very even from the time of the first election until a President leaves office.
d.
usually totally dictate the agenda a President follows in foreign policy.
e.
almost always show an increasing popularity for a second term of a two-term President.
 

 12. 

Which of the following is not part of the White House Staff?
a.
the Press Secretary
b.
the Chief of Staff
c.
White House speech writers
d.
the White House chef
e.
the Attorney General
 

 13. 

The method of organizing the White House utilized by John Kennedy is best characterized as
a.
a wheel and spoke system with open access to the Oval Office.
b.
a pyramid system that was very hierarchical.
c.
a linear system that placed staff in an order by importance.
d.
an ad hoc system.
e.
a business model with upper and lower managers.
 

 14. 

One method of influencing the judiciary that is at the President’s disposal is
a.
the ability to fire federal judges.
b.
the use of binding Presidential opinions that a President can send to federal judges informing them of how a case should be settled.
c.
the ability to use Executive Orders to reduce federal judge’s pay.
d.
the ability to appoint, with Senate confirmation, all federal judges.
e.
the ability to remove and appoint judges with that approval of the Attorney General.
 

 15. 

Presidential vetoes are
a.
used more by some Presidents than others, depending on the partisan composition of the Congress and the President.
b.
the main way most bills fail to become law.
c.
widely used by the most recent Presidents, but were seldom used in the 1950s and 1960s.
d.
almost always pocket vetoes since these reduce conflict.
e.
the best means a President has in influencing policy in Congress.
 

 16. 

Of all those in government, a President usually relies most heavily for advice on
a.
the Executive Office of the President.
b.
White House staff members.
c.
the Cabinet members.
d.
the opinions of the Congressional leaders of his party.
e.
the rulings of the Supreme Court.
 

 17. 

The President’s budget is prepared by
a.
the Secretary of the Treasury.
b.
the Secretary of the Interior.
c.
the Congressional Budget Office.
d.
the Chief of Staff.
e.
the Office of Management and Budget.
 

 18. 

The largest items in today’s federal budget is
a.
Social Security and other entitlement programs.
b.
defense spending and foreign involvements.
c.
homeland security and border security.
d.
education related programs.
e.
the interstate highway system and other major infrastructure expenditures.
 

 19. 

The federal debt is
a.
insignificant and often ignored by Congress.
b.
the total of all outstanding loans made by the government.
c.
in the millions of dollars and growing smaller as the nation becomes wealthier.
d.
less now than at any time in American history.
e.
the difference between the amount spent by the government and the amount received in a fiscal year.
 

 20. 

Which of the following is NOT a duty of the President that is enumerated in the Constitution?
a.
reporting to Congress yearly on the state of the union
b.
receiving ambassadors from foreign governments
c.
heading his political party
d.
executing the laws of the nation
e.
convening one or both houses of Congress on extraordinary occasions
 



 
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