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Practice Test for Online Lessons 39-40



This practice test covers the following lessons –
      Lesson 39:  Civil War Amendments and the Civil Rights Movement
      Lesson 40:  Post World War II Civil Rights Legislation

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments are often referred to as
a.
the Bill of Rights.
b.
the Civil War Amendments.
c.
the Magna Carta.
d.
the Civil Liberties Amendments.
e.
the Progressive Amendments.
 

 2. 

The Thirteenth Amendment did all of the following EXCEPT
a.
abolish slavery.
b.
abolish involuntary servitude.
c.
grant citizenship to former slaves.
d.
free the slaves at the time.
e.
incorporate the spirit of the Emancipation Proclamation into the Constitution.
 

 3. 

The Thirteenth Amendment was necessary due to the
a.
Supreme Court’s ruling in the Scott v. Sandford case decided by Roger Taney.
b.
Supreme Court’s ruling in the Dred Scott case decided by John Marshall.
c.
Emancipation Proclamation given by Lincoln during the Civil War.
d.
victory by the North in the Civil War.
e.
Supreme Court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden.
 

 4. 

During Civil War Reconstruction, new southern legislatures began passing ____?____, intending to preserve slavery as nearly as possible and guarantee a stable labor supply.
a.
Constitutional Amendments
b.
civil rights laws
c.
bills of attainder
d.
Black Codes
e.
Slave Codes
 

 5. 

Which of the following was NOT one of the restrictions placed on Blacks in the South during Reconstruction under the various state laws?
a.
the right to marry
b.
the right to vote
c.
the right to serve on juries with white defendants
d.
the right to testify in courts against white defendants
e.
the right to own and carry firearms without a license
 

 6. 

The Civil Rights Bill of 1866 was
a.
passed by Congress and signed by President Johnson with the intention of ending southern discrimination and civil rights violations.
b.
passed by Congress and put into law without President Johnson’s signature with the intention of ending southern discrimination and civil rights violations.
c.
passed by Congress over the veto of President Johnson.
d.
issued as an Executive Order by President Johnson even though Congress objected to it.
e.
never made law due to President Johnson’s veto, which Congress was unable to override.
 

 7. 

Which of the following was not a provision of the Fourteenth Amendment?
a.
due process under law, for all citizens in all states
b.
equal protection under law, for all citizens in all states
c.
economic equality for all citizens in all states
d.
U.S. citizenship for all former slaves
e.
forbidding states to diminish the privileges and immunities of all citizens
 

 8. 

The Supreme Court case that, in effect, legalized the Jim Crow system and guaranteed the legal segregation of Blacks and Whites under the Constitution was
a.
Plessy v. Ferguson.
b.
the Slaughterhouse Case.
c.
Scott v. Sandford.
d.
Brown v. Board of Education.
e.
the Scottsboro Boys Case (Powell v. Alabama).
 

 9. 

Which is NOT a means by which the southern states bypassed the Fifteenth Amendment?
a.
poll taxes
b.
the “grandfather clause”
c.
violent intimidation tactics
d.
literacy tests
e.
separate “Black Elections”
 

 10. 

The Civil Rights Act of 1875, which attempted to eliminate many of the Jim Crow laws,
a.
was the major reason the Civil Rights Movement was successful.
b.
was found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
c.
was instrumental in destroying Jim Crow systems.
d.
was a feeble attempt by Congress and unsuccessful when implemented by the states.
e.
was only somewhat successful and relied on the findings in the Plessy v. Ferguson case to give it standing.
 

 11. 

The early leaders of the civil rights movement utilized all of the following methods EXCEPT
a.
political action.
b.
sit-ins in lunch rooms and other facilities.
c.
violent actions against individual whites.
d.
marches that were peaceful and legal.
e.
boycotts against individual business and organizations.
 

 12. 

The early civil rights advocate who helped found the NAACP and the Niagara Movement was
a.
A. Phillip Randolph.
b.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
c.
James Farmer.
d.
W.E.B. DuBois.
e.
Fannie Lou Hammer.
 

 13. 

The Fair Employment Act of 1941 was passed after direct political pressure was applied on the Roosevelt government by
a.
A. Phillip Randolph.
b.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
c.
James Farmer.
d.
W.E.B. DuBois.
e.
Fannie Lou Hammer.
 

 14. 

The march on Washington, D.C. in 1963 made famous by the “I Have a Dream” speech was organized by
a.
the Congress of Racial Equality.
b.
Dr. Martin Luther King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
c.
Fannie Lou Hammer and the SNCC.
d.
A. Phillip Randolph.
e.
the Black Panthers.
 

 15. 

As President, Harry Truman from Missouri
a.
was against most civil rights legislation and action.
b.
sought to pacify Black leaders with meaningless commissions and committees.
c.
appointed several pro-civil rights justices to the Supreme Court.
d.
closed his eyes to Jim Crow laws and southern discrimination.
e.
used executive orders to end segregation in the armed services and federal bureaucracy.
 

 16. 

During the Truman administration, the Supreme Court made a significant move forward for civil rights in the case of
a.
Brown v. Board of Education.
b.
Sweatt v. Painter.
c.
Plessy v. Ferguson.
d.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke.
e.
Harper v. Virginia.
 

 17. 

It could be said of President Eisenhower that
a.
he was a strong advocate of civil rights.
b.
he made civil rights a top priority immediately after taking office with his policy of “Dynamic Conservatism.”
c.
he attempted to fill the Supreme Court with pro-civil rights advocates.
d.
he reluctantly supported the civil rights movement and court decisions.
e.
without his supreme efforts to ensure that civil rights were moved forward, the entire movement could have collapsed in the 1950s.
 

 18. 

"…who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place? Who among us would be content with the counsels of patience and delay?... I shall ask the Congress to make a commitment it has not fully made in this century to the proposition that race has no place in American life or law."  This quote can be attributed to
a.
Harry S. Truman.
b.
John F. Kennedy.
c.
Lyndon B. Johnson.
d.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
e.
Richard M. Nixon.
 

 19. 

The Twenty-Fourth Amendment ended
a.
poll taxes in federal elections.
b.
school segregation.
c.
segregation in public accommodations and public transportation.
d.
segregation in all public facilities.
e.
racist hiring practices.
 

 20. 

The most recent Supreme Court activity that established limits on affirmative action in the United States was
a.
in the University of Michigan cases Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger.
b.
in the Twenty-Fourth Amendment Cases.
c.
in the Court’s rulings regarding the Civil Rights and Women’s Equity in Employment Act.
d.
when it overruled the lower court ruling in Harper v. Virginia.
e.
the Court’s ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.
 



 
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