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Online Lessons 9-10-11-12 Practice Test



This practice test covers these lessons -
      Lesson  9:  Political Parties
      Lesson 10:  Party Function and Structure
      Lesson 11:  Party Identification
      Lesson 12:  Voting Behavior and Intensity

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

An American political party is
a.
a narrow interest group seeking advantage by winning elections.
b.
a group interested only in certain public policies that use elections to gain their ends.
c.
a group of people who agree on all issues and organize annually to win elections.
d.
a team of people seeking to control government by winning elective office on all levels of government.
e.
a homogeneous grouping of people interested primarily in winning elections every four years.
 

 2. 

In the United States, to become a member of a political party you need to
a.
claim to be a member.
b.
hold a valid membership card and follow party dictates.
c.
apply for membership and pay dues.
d.
join the party by attending caucuses and other meetings.
e.
register at your precinct office and be listed on the states official party membership lists.
 

 3. 

Which of the following tasks do political parties NOT normally do?
a.
pick policy makers and run their campaigns
b.
give clues to voters on who to vote for and why
c.
advocate for or against a particular public policy
d.
coordinate policy making within the government
e.
enforce rigid rules on party members and demand allegiance by office holders from the party
 

 4. 

American political parties tend to be centrist, or moderate, on major issues
a.
because most of American voters are centrist.
b.
to attract extremist voters.
c.
although most Americans tend to gravitate to the extreme sides of the issues.
d.
due to the demands of the radical wings of the parties.
e.
because all issues are really best resolved with centrist positions.
 

 5. 

Compared to the 1950s, today
a.
more people are Republicans.
b.
more people are Democrats.
c.
more people claim to be political independents.
d.
more people are joining both the Republican and Democratic parties.
e.
more Americans feel party loyalty is the most important issue in American politics.
 

 6. 

Power in American political parties is
a.
hierarchically distributed from national to state to local.
b.
fragmented among the local, state, and national party organizations.
c.
concentrated mainly in the states.
d.
concentrated solely in the national party organization.
e.
held by one or two powerful party machine figures in each state.
 

 7. 

Since the early 1960s, state parties
a.
have all but disappeared.
b.
have become the sole dominating force in American politics.
c.
have become much more powerful and organized.
d.
have slowly been established and are now common in most states.
e.
have begun to select the members of Congress with little regard for voters.
 

 8. 

A primary election in which only pre-registered party members can vote for party candidates is called a(n)
a.
open primary.
b.
closed primary.
c.
blanket primary.
d.
secondary primary.
e.
voters primary.
 

 9. 

Between elections and conventions, the ___?___ keep the national party organized and operating.
a.
elected officials
b.
leaders of Congress
c.
majority and minority whips
d.
state parties
e.
national committees
 

 10. 

A party era is best described as
a.
an historical period when one party dominates most elections.
b.
the history of one particular political party.
c.
the period between elections when a party is in power in the Congress.
d.
the beginning time or birth of a political party, when it first runs candidates for office..
e.
the historical record of all political parties that have existed in the United States.
 

 11. 

Party realignment happens in the United States when
a.
a new party comes into existence.
b.
an old party begins to grow.
c.
following a critical election, a major shift in party membership and coalitions occurs.
d.
following a critical election, a third party takes most major offices, including the White House.
e.
people in general move away from political parties and become independents.
 

 12. 

The first political party in the United States, and one of the shortest lived parties, was the
a.
Republican Party.
b.
Whig Party.
c.
Federalist Party.
d.
Democratic-Republican Party.
e.
Know-Nothing Party.
 

 13. 

The Republican Party began as
a.
the main anti-slavery and anti-slavery-expansion party.
b.
the main states’ rights party.
c.
the party of the New Deal and President Franklin Roosevelt.
d.
the main pro-slavery and slavery-expansion party.
e.
the party of hippies and the counter-culture.
 

 14. 

When American voters move away from both main political parties it is referred to as
a.
alignment.
b.
realignment.
c.
drift.
d.
dealignment.
e.
poly-shift.
 

 15. 

Which of the following is FALSE about American third parties?
a.
Third parties are rare in America.
b.
Third parties almost always win elections when they run candidates for office.
c.
Third parties usually bring new groups of voters into the electorate.
d.
Third parties almost always bring up new issues that the main parties later adopt.
e.
Third parties can change election outcome, but seldom win themselves.
 

 16. 

The winner-take-all system of American elections
a.
promotes many parties to run in general elections.
b.
allows for multiple winners in all elections.
c.
ensures that coalition governments will be formed.
d.
creates a one party legislature.
e.
discourages third parties because they get no reward for winning only some votes.
 

 17. 

The American two-party system promotes
a.
huge conflict and clear choices.
b.
parties created around special interests issues.
c.
ambiguous party positions on many issues and centrist tendencies.
d.
the weakening of centrist positions.
e.
coalition governments that tend to remain in power.
 

 18. 

In the 1992 election, Ross Perot’s run for the presidency can be seen as
a.
a splinter party.
b.
a personality party, a party serving as an extension of an individual.
c.
a single interest party.
d.
the creation of a new permanent party in America.
e.
a critical election causing realignment in the major political parties.
 

 19. 

The New Deal coalition included all of the following groups EXCEPT
a.
Catholics and Jews from around the nation.
b.
Southerners who had been in the party since the Civil War.
c.
African Americans in both the North and the South.
d.
labor and the labor unions.
e.
industrialists and wealthy businessmen from New England.
 

 20. 

Which of the following statements is NOT true about party realignment?
a.
It transforms parties.
b.
It happens every few years in America and is a typical occurrence.
c.
It involves a change in the demographics of the parties.
d.
It happens as a result of critical elections during times of political upheaval.
e.
It was associated with the Great Depression and the Civil War.
 



 
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