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Chapter 10 Vocabulary Practice Test - Political Parties



Matching
 
 
Match each definition with the correct vocabulary term below.
a.
Our nation’s first political party, it was created by Alexander Hamilton from a coalition of those who supported a strong central government, including New England merchants and manufacturers
b.
A temporary alliance between groups with differing interests or points of view (often, in order to win an election or control government)
c.
A system of election by which the voters of a city, state, or a country -- as a whole -- elect government officials
d.
The practice of awarding government jobs to political supporters and friends
e.
A statement of the goals and principles of a political party
f.
Andrew Jackson's political opponents in the 1820s and 1830s -- who referred to him as "King Andrew" -- created a major political party that took this name, from the English party that opposed the king's power
g.
The allocation of legislative seats to each political party in proportion to the votes it receives
h.
A person who does not identify with any particular political party, nor feel any loyalty to a party
i.
After the Civil War, when many states in the southern U.S. became virtually one-party states, voting overwhelmingly for Democratic candidates, it became known as this
 

 1. 

proportional representation
 

 2. 

Whigs
 

 3. 

Solid South
 

 4. 

Federalists
 

 5. 

coalition
 

 6. 

patronage
 

 7. 

platform
 

 8. 

independent
 

 9. 

at large
 
 
Match each definition with the correct vocabulary term below.
a.
A political party's leadership, fund-raising, and promotional organization
b.
A political party often that is out of power (not in control of the presidency, or in the minority in Congress, for example) but is loyal to the nation while opposing the policies of the party in power
c.
Political party that is more concerned with gaining votes than with maintaining rigid ideologies, willing to alter policies in order to gain votes
d.
One of our nation’s two major political parties, began in 1854 as a coalition of anti-slavery groups and moneyed merchants and manufacturers from the northern states, as well as western farmers
e.
A political system in which two major groups with differing political philosophies compete for control of the government
f.
A group of like-minded citizens organized to win elections, control government, and set public policy
g.
Our nation’s second political party, founded in the 1790s by Thomas Jefferson in opposition to Alexander Hamilton's plans, it was made up of a coalition of small farmers, Western pioneers, and Southern plantation owners
h.
The practice of hiring and promoting employer on the basis of objective, competitive testing
i.
A person or political party with a position in the center of the ideological spectrum
j.
The meeting of a political party's delegates in a presidential year to write a platform and nominate candidates
 

 10. 

two-party system
 

 11. 

merit employment
 

 12. 

centrist
 

 13. 

loyal opposition
 

 14. 

broker party
 

 15. 

Democratic-Republicans
 

 16. 

national committee
 

 17. 

nominating convention
 

 18. 

political party
 

 19. 

Republican Party
 
 
Match each definition with the correct vocabulary term below.
a.
A vote cast on one ballot for candidates of two or more different political parties
b.
Political parties that are highly ideological, firmly devoted to a specific system of political ideas and attitudes, seeking converts and followers more than votes
c.
One of our nation’s two major political parties, originally called Democratic - Republicans, a coalition of slave owners, farmers, and those in society who owned money that held together until the Civil War
d.
A political system with many rival parties competing for control of the government
e.
A vote cast on one ballot for all the candidates of the same political party
f.
The political party that is out of office -- that does not control the executive or legislative branches, for example
g.
A district in which only the candidate with the largest number of votes wins election to public office
 

 20. 

single-member district
 

 21. 

Democrats
 

 22. 

straight party ticket
 

 23. 

split ticket vote
 

 24. 

opposition party
 

 25. 

missionary party
 

 26. 

multi-party system
 



 
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