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American Citizen - Chapter 2 Vocabulary Practice Test - Origins of American Gov



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A national representative body having supreme legislative powers within a nation-state; the national legislature of various countries, especially that of the United Kingdom, made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons; the system of government in which the leader of the executive branch (often, a prime minister) is a member of – and is selected by – the legislature, itself, is called
a.
the Congress.
b.
the Parliament.
c.
the Bishops of the English Church.
d.
the Senate.
 

 2. 

The document in which British nobles placed limits on royal power by forcing King John to concede important rights to them, signed by him in the year 1215 was the
a.
Parliamentary System.
b.
Magna Carta.
c.
Articles of Confederation.
d.
English Bill of Rights.
 

 3. 

A ruling (by a judge or other public official) that is used as a model in deciding in similar cases later on is called
a.
a parliament.
b.
a precedent.
c.
common law.
d.
a model ruling.
 

 4. 

The plan worked out in the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that provided for a bicameral legislature in which the people would be represented in the House of Representative and the states would be represented in the Senate (suggested by delegate Roger Sherman of Connecticut, sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise) was called
a.
the Virginia Plan.
b.
the Great Compromise.
c.
the Albany Plan.
d.
the Commonwealth Plan.
 

 5. 

The plan proposed by Ben Franklin and supported by colonists in 1754 – but never carried out – to unite the British North American colonies under a confederation for purposes of taxation and defense was called
a.
the Confederate States of America.
b.
Albany Plan of Union.
c.
First Continental Congress.
d.
Second Continental Congress.
 

 6. 

The body of law that is based on custom, tradition, and past decisions of judges – NOT based on specific laws and/or statutes passed by lawmakers - is called
a.
statutory law.
b.
legislative rulings.
c.
common law.
d.
precedent.
 

 7. 

A legislature that includes two representative bodies (a two-house legislature) is called
a.
a parliamentary system.
b.
a house of burgesses.
c.
bicameral.
d.
unicameral.
 

 8. 

At the Constitutional Convention, the proposal of government signed by William Paterson of New Jersey, which favored a legislature whose representation was based on population and a plural executive branch was
a.
the Three-Fifths Compromise.
b.
the “small-state plan.”
c.
the “large-state plan.”
d.
the Great Compromise.
 

 9. 

The term given to those who opposed the ratification of the new U.S. Constitution and the federal system of government it created; also, the original group of people who formed the second political party in the United States - was
a.
Republicans.
b.
Federalists.
c.
Democrats.
d.
Anti-Federalists.
 

 10. 

A legal document issued by a monarch to trading companies, individuals, or groups of colonists, granting permission to use land for a colony; in the modern U.S., a document that awards official recognition as a municipality (city) given by a state to a community such as North Kansas City or Gladstone is called
a.
a proprietor.
b.
a charter.
c.
a bill of sale.
d.
a constitution.
 

 11. 

The minimum number of people needed to conduct official business during a session of a legislative body (such as the U.S. Congress) is a
a.
quorum.
b.
burgess.
c.
parliament.
d.
unicameral.
 

 12. 

In the Constitutional Convention, this plan was designed by Edmund Randolph, and it favored a strong national government with three branches (legislative, executive and judicial) and a bicameral legislature
a.
Virginia Plan
b.
Great Compromise
c.
Connecticut Compromise
d.
Bicameral Plan.
 

 13. 

The term which refers to the final acceptance, or final approval, of an agreement, an amendment, or a constitution by lawmakers or by a vote of the people whom they represent is
a.
final approval.
b.
ratification.
c.
codification.
d.
repeal.
 

 14. 

The document which created the first American settlement based on a social contract; in U.S. colonial history, an agreement providing for the temporary government of Plymouth colony, signed (1620) on board the Mayflower by all of the adult members of the colony was
a.
Locke’s Compromise.
b.
the Albany Plan.
c.
Mayflower Compact.
d.
Newton’s Law.
 

 15. 

The name given by American patriots to five laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774, which limited the rights and freedoms of the North American colonists was
a.
the Patriot Acts.
b.
the Boston Statutes.
c.
the Intolerable Acts.
d.
the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
 

 16. 

This was the original plan of unification and government of the United States of America; the first national constitution, it was in effect for only 7 years and was eventually replaced by the Constitution of 1787.
a.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Declaration of Independence
c.
Petition of Right
d.
Albany Plan of Union
 

 17. 

The group of people who were in favor of the creation of a federal system of government, as outlined in the Constitution written in Philadelphia in 1787, were called this; also, this is the name of the first political party in the U.S., whose members included Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison.
a.
Whigs
b.
Proprietors
c.
Federalists
d.
Anti-Federalists
 

 18. 

This was the greatest achievement of the U.S. Congress during the period of the original confederate government, this law created structures for state governments in new territories in the Ohio River Valley and upper Mississippi River area, guaranteed religious freedom, prohibited slavery, and established rules for entering new states into the Union.
a.
Southwest Statutes
b.
Annapolis Agreement
c.
Northwest Ordinance
d.
Albany Plan of Union
 

 19. 

A legislature, or lawmaking body, is called this if it has just one legislative body.
a.
unicameral
b.
bicameral
c.
legicameral
d.
quorum
 

 20. 

Britain's policy of non-interference in its North American colonies' internal affairs in order to increase the colonies' productivity and value was called
a.
royal colonialism.
b.
salutary neglect.
c.
a charter government.
d.
ratification.
 

 21. 

The first written constitution in British North America, this document formed a colony from Connecticut's early towns.
a.
Magna Carta
b.
Mayflower Compact
c.
Iroquois Confederation
d.
Fundamental Orders
 

 22. 

A group of persons gathered together for a common reason, possibly for a legislative, religious, educational, or social purpose, is called this; also, the common and very general term given to a legislature.
a.
quorum
b.
burgess
c.
assembly
d.
charter
 

 23. 

This 1765 revenue law, passed by the British Parliament and the first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers issued in the colonies bear a official government stamp; it was vehemently denounced in the colonies by those it most affected: businessmen, merchants, journalists, lawyers, and other powerful persons.
a.
Stamp Act
b.
Northwest Ordinance
c.
Ratification Act
d.
Mayflower Compact
 

 24. 

An individual who was granted by the British monarch the legal right or exclusive title to a parcel of land in the British North American colonies was called this.
a.
proprietor
b.
royalist
c.
patriot
d.
monarchist
 

 25. 

The document in which Queen Mary II and King William III recognized certain basic rights of the people of England in 1689, some of which were later included in the U.S. Constitution (especially the amendments at the end of the document), was called the
a.
Navigation Act
b.
Stamp Act
c.
Intolerable Acts
d.
English Bill of Rights
 

 26. 

This was the name of the document written by the British Parliament in 1628 that demanded King Charles agree to further limitations on the power of the monarchy, asserted four principles: no taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament; no subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (reaffirmation of the right of habeas corpus); no soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry; martial law may not be used in time of peace.
a.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Northwest Ordinance
c.
Petition of Right
d.
Magna Carta
 

 27. 

A constitutional list of the basic civil liberties of U.S. citizens; the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791 to protect certain rights of citizens is called this.
a.
Bill of Rights
b.
Petition of Right
c.
Constitution of the United States
d.
Magna Carta
 

 28. 

A member of the House of Burgesses, the first elected representative lawmaking body in the British North American colonies, was called this.
a.
representative
b.
burgess
c.
senator
d.
delegate
 



 
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