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Chapter 8 Practice Test - Public Opinion



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is an example of a vague or ambiguous question that should NOT be used in a scientific poll?
a.
Do you approve of the relationship between the U.S. and China?
b.
Do you think that delays and cost over-runs on the development of a new submarine should result in the government’s canceling the project?
c.
How old are you?
d.
Do you think the states should ratify the Equal Rights Amendment?
 

 2. 

An organized pattern of looking at the political world, often used to justify a person’s point of view is known as
a.
public opinion.
b.
a political culture.
c.
an ideology.
d.
radicalism.
 

 3. 

A right-wing person who favors a return to a previous state of affairs (“back to the good old days”), and may be willing to go to extremes to attain that goal is known as a
a.
radical.
b.
reactionary.
c.
liberal.
d.
conservative.
 

 4. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the factors that determine how much influence public opinion has on government actions and policies?
a.
how strongly people feel about the issue
b.
how personally concerned people are about the issue
c.
how many people agree on the issue
d.
how much legislators care about the issue
 

 5. 

Which of the following is NOT a part of the United States’ political culture?
a.
the legal system
b.
the Constitution
c.
Democrats and Republicans
d.
our system of state and local parks
 

 6. 

A person on the extreme left, ideologically, who favors rapid, fundamental change in society and politics (and may be willing to resort to violence to reach that goal) is known as a
a.
liberal.
b.
moderate.
c.
radical.
d.
reactionary.
 

 7. 

What did political scientist V.O. Key describe as “those opinions held by private persons which governments find it prudent to heed”?
a.
public opinion
b.
ideology
c.
political socialization
d.
political culture
 

 8. 

The majority of Americans are political
a.
liberals.
b.
moderates.
c.
radicals.
d.
conservatives.
 

 9. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the four main agents of political socialization?
a.
your peer group
b.
school
c.
movie stars
d.
family
 

 10. 

Scientific polls differ from straw polls in that
a.
scientific polls are based on random samples of the population.
b.
scientific polls ask questions of more people.
c.
straw polls ask questions of people from different ethnic groups.
d.
straw polls are more expensive to conduct.
 

 11. 

The people around us who have similar backgrounds and beliefs are known as our
a.
friends.
b.
peers.
c.
political culture.
d.
interest group.
 

 12. 

A polling sample that groups people geographically is known as a
a.
regional sample.
b.
cluster sample.
c.
geographic sample.
d.
quota sample.
 

 13. 

The traditional methods of measuring public opinion include all of the following EXCEPT
a.
monitoring the activities of interest groups.
b.
conducting scientific polls.
c.
a legislator reading letters from her constituents.
d.
reading newspapers and magazines.
 

 14. 

Which of the following is NOT an idea supported by citizens of the U.S. as an entire group?
a.
innocent until proved guilty
b.
economic equality for all
c.
the universal right to vote
d.
due process of law
 

 15. 

Which of the following is an example of a political symbol that conveys the idea of governmental authority?
a.
judges’ robes
b.
the Gettysburg Address
c.
Arlington National Cemetary
d.
the Statue of Liberty
 

 16. 

A polling sample that is chosen on the basis of characteristics such as race, age, and income is known as a ___?___ sample.
a.
quota
b.
cluster
c.
geographic
d.
regional
 

 17. 

A person whose political attitudes are “middle-of-the-road,” and who is tolerant of others’ opinions is known as a
a.
conservative.
b.
radical.
c.
moderate.
d.
liberal.
 

 18. 

A person who believes that government should actively promote social reform within the existing political system is known as a
a.
radical.
b.
moderate.
c.
liberal.
d.
conservative.
 



 
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