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Chapter 9 Practice Test - Interest Groups



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A ___?___ may be brought by a person or interest group on behalf of all people who would benefit directly from a court’s decision.
a.
grassroots movement
b.
class action suit
c.
lobbying effort
d.
initiative petition
 

 2. 

The act of bringing a lawsuit against another person or group is called
a.
lobbying.
b.
litigation.
c.
propaganda.
d.
electioneering.
 

 3. 

A legal group set up by an interest group to collect and spend funds for political purposes is
a.
a regional interest group.
b.
a political party.
c.
a political action committee.
d.
a non-denominational group.
 

 4. 

The total value of all the goods and services produced by a country in one year is
a.
its economy.
b.
socialism.
c.
gross national product.
d.
gross national debt.
 

 5. 

Interest groups that work for the common good of society are called
a.
political action committees.
b.
public-interest groups.
c.
non-governmental organizations.
d.
social-action groups.
 

 6. 

Organized efforts to influence legislation or public policy are called
a.
nominating conventions.
b.
policy initiatives.
c.
lobbying.
d.
referendums.
 

 7. 

Interest groups that try to change people’s opinions through persuasive communication use
a.
public opinion polls.
b.
political socialization.
c.
propaganda.
d.
endorsements.
 

 8. 

An interest group that endorses a particular candidate at election time because of the candidate’s voting record is practicing
a.
electioneering.
b.
unethical or unlawful propaganda.
c.
litigation.
d.
referendums.
 

 9. 

Voters can approve laws passed by their legislators through a procedure called
a.
a referendum.
b.
an initiative petition.
c.
an endorsement.
d.
electioneering.
 

 10. 

Some people think interest groups are harmful because
a.
they encourage people to get actively involved in the political system.
b.
public officials pay too little attention to what the groups have to say, especially during elections.
c.
groups represent most residents of the U.S., in some manner.
d.
they sometimes use unethical methods to influence public officials.
 

 11. 

The American Legion, the NAACP, and the National Council of Churches are all examples of
a.
economic interest groups.
b.
demographic clusters.
c.
single-issue interest groups.
d.
social-action interest groups.
 

 12. 

Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic characteristics of an interest group?
a.
its members share certain ideas they feel strongly about
b.
its members try to influence public policy by affecting the actions of government
c.
its rules prohibit lobbying, litigating, and helping to finance candidates' election campaigns
d.
it is organized, with some sort of structure, leadership, and rules
 

 13. 

People join interest groups
a.
to advance a moral cause or crusade.
b.
for economic reasons.
c.
because they want to be with others who share their views.
d.
for all of these reasons.
 

 14. 

Which of the following is an example of a positive contribution made by interest groups?
a.
They stimulate political participation.
b.
They provide lawmakers with useful information.
c.
They provide a link between citizens and public officials.
d.
All of these are examples of positive contributions made by interest groups.
 

 15. 

Which of the following is NOT an important factor in an interest group’s effectiveness?
a.
size of its membership
b.
intensity of members’ commitment
c.
geographical distribution of its membership
d.
educational level of its membership
 

 16. 

A person who is hired by an interest group to influence government officials through personal persuasion is known as a
a.
propagandist.
b.
lobbyist.
c.
philanthropist.
d.
litigator.
 

 17. 

Attempting to rally voter support for or against a candidate running for office is a technique known as
a.
electioneering.
b.
lobbying.
c.
litigating.
d.
petitioning.
 

 18. 

In its 1985 ruling in the U.S. Supreme Court case of Federal Election Commission v. National Conservative Political Action Committee, the Supreme Court ruled that legal limits on PAC spending were a violation of American citizens'
a.
freedom of the press.
b.
freedom of religion.
c.
freedom of speech.
d.
right to assemble peaceably.
 

 19. 

Under the initiative petition process, the ___?___ initiate(s) legislation.
a.
state legislature
b.
President of the U.S.
c.
voters of a state
d.
governors of the states
 

 20. 

Which of the following describes a legal argument that is delivered voluntarily to a court by a group that is not directly involved in the lawsuit?
a.
a closing argument
b.
an amicus curiae brief
c.
a court reporter
d.
a class-action suit
 

 21. 

A political movement started and carried out by ordinary citizens rather than professional politicians is known as a
a.
grassroots movement.
b.
political party.
c.
referendum.
d.
mandate.
 

 22. 

Pablo the Politician (an ordinary, handshaking, smiling politician) stands behind a podium and says convincingly, "I stand for peace, justice, and the American way." A sign on the podium reads, "VOTE FOR ME." Which of the seven techniques of propaganda is he using?
a.
bandwagon
b.
glittering generalities
c.
plain folks
d.
glittering personalities
 

 23. 

During a televised debate Pablo the Politician Politician (an ordinary, handshaking, smiling politician) frowns, looks into the camera, and says, "It is common knowledge that my opponent is un-American." Which of the seven techniques of propaganda is he using?
a.
bandwagon
b.
card-stacking
c.
name-calling
d.
testimonial
 

 24. 

A billboard along a busy highway shows a photo of a famous football player in uniform with his arm around Pablo the Politician Politician (an ordinary, handshaking, smiling politician). The caption reads, "You know I like to win. I also like to pick winners. I pick Pablo." Which of the seven techniques of propaganda is he using?
a.
name-calling
b.
testimonial
c.
bandwagon
d.
propaganda
 



 
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