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U.S. and Missouri Constituton Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is true about recall elections in Missouri?
a.
They allow voters to repeal laws already passed by the General Assembly.
b.
They allow voters to remove elected officials, such as the governor.
c.
They allow voters to approve laws passed by the General Assembly.
d.
The allow voters to propose and pass laws.
 

 2. 

Which of the following is true about initiative petitions in the state of Missouri?
a.
They allow voters to pass new state laws.
b.
They allow voters to veto laws passed by the General Assembly.
c.
They allow voters to declare state laws unconstitutional.
d.
They allow voters to declare war against foreign invaders.
 

 3. 

Which of the following statements best describes the lawmaking process in Missouri?
a.
passed by the General Assembly and approved by the voters
b.
passed by the General Assembly and signed by the governor
c.
passed by the General Assembly and signed by the chief justice
d.
passed by the General Assembly and approved by the Supreme Court
 

 4. 

The governor of Missouri has the power to
a.
enforce all state laws within Missouri.
b.
pardon criminals convicted by state courts.
c.
veto laws passed by the General Assembly.
d.
all of these
 

 5. 

The head of the executive branch of Missouri’s state government is
a.
the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
b.
the Secretary of State.
c.
the Governor.
d.
the Chief Justice.
 

 6. 

Which of the following is true of Missouri’s Supreme Court?
a.
A majority ruling is required for all Missouri Supreme Court decisions.
b.
Justices are limited by a 12-year term of office.
c.
It is the highest state court in Missouri.
d.
It hears cases on appeal from lower courts.
e.
All of these are true.
 

 7. 

The Missouri state official who can grant pardons and reprieves is the
a.
Attorney General.
b.
Governor.
c.
President of the Senate.
d.
Supreme Court Chief Justice.
e.
All of these officials can grant pardons and reprieves.
 

 8. 

Which of the following courts would hear appeals following a person’s conviction in a Missouri trial court?
a.
the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
b.
the  U.S. District Court
c.
the Missouri State Supreme Court
d.
the North Kansas City Municipal Court
 

 9. 

The Commander-in-Chief of the Missouri National Guard is
a.
the State Auditor.
b.
the Attorney General.
c.
the Speaker of the Missouri House of Representatives.
d.
the Governor.
 

 10. 

The Missouri Constitution invests legislative power in the
a.
Governor.
b.
National Guard.
c.
Supreme Court.
d.
General Assembly.
 

 11. 

How are justices of the Missouri Supreme Court different from those of the United States Supreme Court?
a.
Missouri’s justices do not serve for life, but only a twelve year term of office.
b.
Missouri’s justices have to be more qualified.
c.
Missouri’s justices run for election as Democrats and Republicans.
d.
Missouri’s justices do not have to be natural-born citizens.
 

 12. 

The government system created by the U.S. Constitution, in which powers are divided among the national, state and local governments is
a.
republican.
b.
feudalism.
c.
federalism.
d.
socialism.
 

 13. 

Which of the following is NOT an example of concurrent powers, those powers that are shared by both the U.S. and state of Missouri?
a.
levying taxes
b.
conducting elections
c.
making treaties
d.
establishing courts
 

 14. 

Which statement best describes the lawmaking process of the United States government?
a.
passed by the House and the Senate and signed by the President
b.
passed by the House and the Senate and signed by the Chief Justice
c.
passed by the House and the Senate and approved by the Supreme Court
d.
passed by the House and the Senate and signed by the Speaker of the House
 

 15. 

Under the U.S. Constitution, presidents must be at least how old?
a.
21 years old
b.
25 years old
c.
30 years old
d.
35 years old
 

 16. 

Under the U.S. Constitution, members of the House of Representatives
a.
must live in the state they represent.
b.
must be natural-born citizens of the U.S.
c.
must have studied law and the lawmaking process.
d.
must be at least 18 years old.
 

 17. 

Those powers granted to the U.S. Congress, but are NOT written in Article I of the Constitution, are
a.
implied powers under the Elastic Clause of the Constitution.
b.
too complex to be understood.
c.
listed later in the Bill of Rights.
d.
specified in footnotes to the amendments.
 

 18. 

Which of the following groups share responsibility for passing legislation that becomes United States law?
a.
the Senate and the Cabinet
b.
the Legislative and Judicial branches of government
c.
the Senate and the House of Representatives
d.
Congress and the Judicial branch
 

 19. 

The Bill of Rights was intended to protect the rights of U.S. citizens and
a.
limit the power of the federal government.
b.
end slavery in the southern states.
c.
bring an end to the Civil War.
d.
state the purpose of the U.S. Constitution.
 

 20. 

Which of the following best demonstrates how the federal government’s power has been further limited since the creation of the U.S. Constitution?
a.
U.S. Presidents are now required to graduate from college before running for office.
b.
U.S. Presidents are now limited to two four-year terms in office.
c.
U.S. Presidents no longer act as commander-in-chief of the U.S. armed forces.
d.
U.S. Presidents must run as a member of either the Democratic or Republican parties.
 

 21. 

According to the “equal protection clause” found in the 14th Amendment,
a.
all U.S. citizens are guaranteed equal protection under the laws in all the states.
b.
every U.S. citizen pays state and federal taxes at the same rate.
c.
the Witness Protection Program will be funded by the U.S. government.
d.
asylum will be granted to any political refugee arriving on U.S. soil.
 

 22. 

In our nation’s history, two presidents – Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton – were impeached.  Which of the following best describes the process of impeaching a president?
a.
The House of Representatives passed articles of impeachment against the President.  The Senate acted as a jury.  The Chief Justice was the presiding judge.
b.
The American people voted on the issue through a recall election.
c.
The Senate passed articles of impeachment against the President.  The House of Representatives acted as a jury.  The Speaker of the House was presiding judge.
d.
The president’s Cabinet, along with two-thirds of both houses of Congress, ordered the resignation of the president.
 

 23. 

A main objective of dividing powers among different branches of government is to prevent
a.
the resignation of the president.
b.
interpretation of the Constitution by powerful interest groups.
c.
Congress from breaking into smaller units.
d.
the concentration and abuse of governmental power.
 

 24. 

According to the First Amendment, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”  This means that
a.
members of Congress are not allowed to tell anyone what religion they practice, especially during campaigns.
b.
Congress may not create any law that would designate a national or official religion in the United States.
c.
Congress’s official policy is that religious preferences must be removed from all U.S. money and government buildings.
d.
members of Congress are not allowed to interact with religious leaders or other clergy members.
 

 25. 

Which of the following is NOT a goal of the U.S. government, as described in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution?
a.
defending all Americans
b.
providing fair treatment under the law
c.
uniting the states
d.
keeping peace around the world
 

 26. 

According to Article I of the U.S. Constitution, each state is to have how many Senators?
a.
2
b.
4
c.
6
d.
8
 

 27. 

The total number of members in the U.S. Senate is 100 because
a.
the Framers of the Constitution wanted an even number.
b.
in 1787, the U.S. Capital Building only had enough room for a total of 100.
c.
each state is represented by two Senators for a total of 100.
d.
the number varies based on the U.S. population.
 

 28. 

The number of Representatives each state has is based on its
a.
geographic size.
b.
wealth.
c.
location.
d.
population.
 

 29. 

Unlike the United States Senate, Missouri State Senate members
a.
are not paid a salary.
b.
serve 6-year terms.
c.
need to be natural-born citizens.
d.
are elected from districts based on population.
 

 30. 

Federal judges must be nominated by the President and
a.
approved by the U.S. House of Representatives.
b.
confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
c.
approved by the Cabinet.
d.
elected by a two-thirds majority.
 

 31. 

The U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Marbury v. Madison
a.
stated the right of every citizen to question the legitimacy of the U.S. Constitution.
b.
was so controversial that protests against it occurred in almost every state.
c.
established the power of the federal courts to decide if a government action or law is unconstitutional.
d.
created a bicameral legislature in the United States.
 

 32. 

If the President vetoes a bill, how can it become a law, anyway?
a.
The Supreme Court orders it.
b.
The originating house passes it again.
c.
The states ratify it by a simple majority.
d.
Both houses of Congress pass it again by a two-thirds majority.
 

 33. 

The highest law in the nation is
a.
written by the states.
b.
made by the President.
c.
the Constitution of the United States.
d.
always approved by the Senate.
 

 34. 

Popular sovereignty means
a.
that the government’s authority comes from the people.
b.
that popular candidates generally win elections.
c.
that the size and population of a nation determine how it is governed.
d.
that rulers should not consult the people before establishing laws.
 

 35. 

Under the “supremacy clause” in Article VI of the U.S. Constitution,
a.
the President of the United States is superior to the leaders of all other countries.
b.
the Constitution is superior to all laws in the United States.
c.
the Supreme Court is the supreme legislative body.
d.
principle of popular sovereignty should never be allowed to influence the U.S. government.
 

 36. 

In the case of Mapp v. Ohio, the police entered Dolree Mapp’s home without a warrant, thus violating which of the following protections afforded under the Bill of Rights?
a.
the right to a speedy and fair trial
b.
the right to peacefully assemble
c.
the right against unreasonable search and seizure
d.
the right to confront witnesses against you
 

 37. 

The 4th through 7th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution defend which of the following?
a.
rights of persons accused of a crime
b.
freedom of the press and religion
c.
the right to bear arms and petition the government
d.
the right of the states to any powers not granted to the federal government
 

 38. 

The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
a.
protects the rights of accused persons.
b.
provides the right to a speedy trial.
c.
provides for freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly.
d.
prohibits unreasonable search and seizure.
 

 39. 

Article V established the process for amending the U.S. Constitution.  Which of the following was created by the amendment process?
a.
the Preamble
b.
the Bill of Rights
c.
the Mayflower Compact
d.
the Declaration of Independence
 

 40. 

According to the 4th Amendment, U.S. citizens are protected from
a.
unreasonable searches and seizures.
b.
cruel and unusual punishment.
c.
excessive bail.
d.
testifying against themselves in court.
 

 41. 

Which of the following is NOT a way to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution?
a.
by holding a national convention
b.
by approval of 2/3 of both houses of Congress
c.
by taking a national opinion poll
d.
the President gets the approval of the Cabinet
e.
Answers C and D are not ways to propose amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
 

 42. 

Which of the following amendments is NOT concerned with presidents?
a.
the 12th Amendment
b.
the 18th Amendment
c.
the 20th Amendment
d.
the 22nd Amendment
 

 43. 

The executive branch of the U.S. government consists of the
a.
governor, county commissioner, and mayor.
b.
president, speaker of the house, and supreme court justices.
c.
president, vice president, and various executive departments.
d.
president, vice president, and chief justice of the supreme court
 

 44. 

Under the U.S. Constitution, how many times may a senator or representative be elected to office?
a.
only one time
b.
two times
c.
three times
d.
as many times as he or she wishes to attempt
 

 45. 

Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits torture?
a.
the First Amendment
b.
the Second Amendment
c.
the Fifth Amendment
d.
the Eighth Amendment
 

 46. 

During which month of the year is a new president sworn into office, according to the 20th Amendment?
a.
January
b.
June
c.
November
d.
December
 

 47. 

Which of the following is responsible for setting the number of justices on the U.S. Supreme Court?
a.
the President
b.
the House of Representatives
c.
the Congress
d.
the Supreme Court, itself
 

 48. 

What fraction of state legislatures must approve an amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
a.
three-fourths of the state legislatures
b.
three-fifths of the state legislatures
c.
a simple majority, one-half plus one of the state legislatures
d.
two-thirds of the state legislatures
 

 49. 

As listed in the US Constitution, how many branches of government are there?
a.
1
b.
2
c.
3
d.
4
 

 50. 

Which of the following determines how many voting members, total, will serve in the U.S. House of Representatives?
a.
the U.S. Supreme Court
b.
the Congress
c.
the President
d.
the U.S. House of Representatives
 



 
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