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Online Lessons 1-2 Practice Test



This quiz covers these lessons -
In the Edwards text Government in America, Chapter 1:  Introduction to Government in America
and
University of California Open Access APGovPol Course
  Unit I: Underpinnings and Documents of American Government
     Chapter 1:  Constitutional Beginnings
      Lesson 1:  American Democracy
      Lesson 2:  English and Enlightenment Traditions

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The institutions that enact polices to govern people within a society are collectively known as
a.
political parties.
b.
linkage institutions.
c.
government.
d.
the legislative branch.
e.
a nation-state.
 

 2. 

All governments should provide basic needs for the citizenry. This would include all of the following EXCEPT
a.
regulating the economy.
b.
socializing of the youth.
c.
protecting citizens and maintaining order..
d.
ensuring the religious education of citizens.
e.
defending the borders.
 

 3. 

Which of these is not necessary for the existence of a nation-state in the modern world?
a.
territories vast enough to provide free movement of the people and resources for industry
b.
sovereignty from other nations
c.
a government that is both recognized by the people within the nation-state and by other nations of the world
d.
boundaries that are both definite and recognized by the other nations of the world
e.
a cohesive population that is able to compromise and work for the national good
 

 4. 

The difference between a dictatorship and a monarchy is that
a.
A dictatorship is a rule by a small elite group of people whereas a monarchy has but one ruler.
b.
The monarchy typically claims the right to rule by divine right, whereas the dictator must rely on force to maintain power.
c.
The monarchy rules only the civilian, but not the military aspect of government, unlike the dictator.
d.
Dictators usually have some legislative body to assist in the rule of the people unlike the monarch who rules with no advice or help.
e.
Dictators derive their power from the people, monarchs must rely on military power to maintain control of the government.
 

 5. 

The idea of a direct democracy is best found in
a.
large heterogeneous nation-states.
b.
large homogeneous nation-states.
c.
small communities that allow for the “town hall” style of meeting.
d.
most of the democratic states in the world today.
e.
European cultures where the concept has had time to grow and flourish.
 

 6. 

The traditional theory of democracy does not include
a.
majority rule.
b.
respect for all citizens.
c.
minority rights.
d.
direct or indirect representation of the citizens.
e.
a homogeneous society.
 

 7. 

The theory of government that maintains that vast numbers of competing groups vying for power can stymie compromise and leave the government in gridlock is called
a.
the Pluralist Theory of Democracy.
b.
the Hyperpluralist Theory of Democracy.
c.
the Elite Theory of Democracy.
d.
the Traditional Theory of Democracy.
e.
the Indirect Theory of Democracy.
 

 8. 

The media, elections, political parties, and interest groups make up the
a.
policy making institutions within a government.
b.
linkage institutions of a governmental system.
c.
oligarchy.
d.
elite body of a democratic nation.
e.
electorate.
 

 9. 

Policy making institutions in the United States would include all of the following EXCEPT
a.
the House of Representatives.
b.
the Supreme Court.
c.
the Department of Agriculture.
d.
the President of the United States.
e.
the Republican Party.
 

 10. 

The concept of a policy agenda includes
a.
the dictates of only the social elite are the main concerns addressed by the policy making institutions.
b.
hyperpluralism will create gridlock in policy making.
c.
the many concerns of the people collectively considered by the policy making institutions.
d.
the linkage institutions that are in the position to determine public policy.
e.
the policy making cycle ends with the making of the public policy.
 

 11. 

The British system of democracy has been based on all of the following EXCEPT
a.
rights based on the Magna Carta.
b.
one defining document very similar to the American Constitution.
c.
the concept of a representative, or constitutional, monarchy.
d.
the Petition of Rights.
e.
the English Bill of Rights.
 

 12. 

The philosophic concept that strong government was necessary because in a state of nature, man would be insecure, vulnerable to attack by others, and in constant conflict was the thought of
a.
Thomas Hobbes.
b.
John Locke.
c.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
d.
the Baron de Montesquieu.
e.
Thomas Jefferson.
 

 13. 

John Locke argued that a people had the right to rebel against their government if that government failed to protect the basic human rights of life, liberty, and property. This argument appeared in
a.
“Social Contract” in 1743.
b.
“Leviathan” in 1651.
c.
the Magna Carta in 1215.
d.
The Petition of Rights in 1628.
e.
“Two Treatises of Government” in 1690.
 

 14. 

The significance and impact of the Age of Reason on constitutional development was that during this period, men
a.
applied strict religious principles to the development of government.
b.
looked to nature and society in developing the needs and purposes of government.
c.
wrote the great document, the Magna Carta, that defined the purpose of government.
d.
developed the concept of divine rights of Kings and applied this principle to the monarchies of Europe.
e.
sought to define a government that insured material equality for the masses.
 

 15. 

The Enlightenment philosophers would have appreciated which of the following political system as fulfilling most closely their ideals?
a.
representative, or constitutional, monarchy
b.
oligarchy
c.
dictatorship
d.
monarchy
e.
representative democracy, or republican government
 

 16. 

For a nation-state to be part of the world community it must have all of the following EXCEPT
a.
democratic rule.
b.
sovereignty.
c.
legitimacy.
d.
a defined territory.
e.
a cohesive population.
 

 17. 

The federal and state bureaucracies would be examples of
a.
linkage institutions.
b.
interest groups.
c.
legislative bodies.
d.
theocracies.
e.
policymaking institutions.
 

 18. 

A form of government in which power is held by a small group of elite individuals who allow very limited participation is called a(n):
a.
dictatorship.
b.
democracy.
c.
oligarchy.
d.
theocracy.
e.
monarchy.
 

 19. 

The document that was the first step in constitutional building and government with the consent of the people was the
a.
English Bill of Rights.
b.
Articles of Confederation.
c.
Constitution of the United States.
d.
Magna Carta.
e.
the Petition of Rights.
 

 20. 

The initial and most important place for political socialization to occur is
a.
at elementary school.
b.
at church, mosque, synagogue, temple, or other religious organizations.
c.
in the home.
d.
in special youth groups such as Boy and Girl Scouts.
e.
through the mass media and celebrities who expound public virtues.
 



 
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