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Online Lessons 24-25-26-27 Practice Test



This test covers the following lessons –
From the Edwards text, Government in America,   Chapter 15:  The Federal Bureaucracy
and
University of California Open Access APGovPol Course
Unit 3:  The Institutions of Government
Chapter 8:  The Bureaucracy
Lesson 24:  The Nature of the Bureaucracy
Lesson 25:  The Cabinet
Lesson 26:  Other Bureaucratic Bodies
Lesson 27:  Checks on the Bureaucracy

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

As a percentage of the total American workers, the federal bureaucracy has ___?___ in the last 3 decades.
a.
grown three times larger
b.
decreased by 50 %
c.
remained about the same
d.
almost doubled
e.
decreased slightly
 

 2. 

All of the following statements about the federal bureaucracy are true EXCEPT
a.
Most of the duties they perform are routine and carry very little public scrutiny.
b.
The bureaucracy organizes most tasks in an orderly and efficient manner.
c.
The bureaucracy goes about its work with little credit, even when it does the job well.
d.
The bureaucracy is respondent to the public needs and wishes in most cases.
e.
The bureaucracy is less efficient than private business and is unable to deliver services to the same standard as corresponding private concerns.
 

 3. 

Until the Pendleton Act was passed by Congress, most government workers received their jobs through
a.
merit based tests.
b.
political patronage, sometimes called the spoils system.
c.
a series of IQ and aptitude type tests.
d.
a lottery system.
e.
jobs were handed down from father to son or other family members.
 

 4. 

The ____?____ Act was passed to correct the problems that led to the assassination of President James Garfield.
a.
Hatch Act
b.
Pendleton Act
c.
Re-Invent Government Act, or RIGA
d.
McCain-Feingold Act
e.
Fair Labor Employment Act
 

 5. 

The 1940 Hatch Act was passed to
a.
establish the civil service system.
b.
establish the merit system.
c.
prevent Congressional intervention in bureaucratic issues.
d.
de-politicize the bureaucracy by prohibiting federal employees from engaging in partisan political activity.
e.
end the patronage system.
 

 6. 

The Plum Book, established by Congress, would include which of the following?
a.
jobs for postal workers
b.
Congressional email and phone numbers
c.
lists of street-level bureaucrats
d.
House Committee Staff members
e.
possible presidential appointments
 

 7. 

Max Weber would argue all of the following EXCEPT
a.
members of the bureaucracy should be paid more for doing a good job.
b.
a bureaucracy is hierarchical.
c.
a bureaucracy is based on task specialization that leads to efficiency.
d.
the merit system should insure hiring the best people to do a task.
e.
bureaucracies are highly organized and impersonal in their application.
 

 8. 

The work of the president’s Cabinet is carried out by
a.
the undersecretaries who carry out the orders of the Secretary directly.
b.
the President’s White House staff members and other appointed agents.
c.
the Cabinet in endless meetings together.
d.
the Secretary of the Department and his direct staff.
e.
the long term bureaucrats whose government positions are merit-based rather than appointed.
 

 9. 

The federal regulatory agencies are governed by
a.
the President and the Vice-President.
b.
commissions or boards of 5-10 members appointed by the President.
c.
a single appointed secretary named by Congress.
d.
commissions or boards appointed by the Senate Committee corresponding to the function of the agency.
e.
the senior merit-based member of the agency.
 

 10. 

Federal regulatory agencies
a.
are able to set some rules with Congressional approval, but have little enforcement ability.
b.
are mostly ceremonial and traditional with no real power.
c.
are beyond control of the executive or legislative branches.
d.
are able to make and enforce policy and act as dispute-settlers.
e.
are under the tight control of Congressional committees.
 

 11. 

The Post Office, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Tennessee Valley Authority are all examples of
a.
regulatory agencies.
b.
departments of the Cabinet.
c.
government corporations.
d.
White House Executive Offices.
e.
congressional staff agencies.
 

 12. 

The primary function of the American federal bureaucracy is to
a.
implement and regulate policy decisions by the other policy making institutions.
b.
fill gaps in the private sector services provided by the federal government.
c.
counter monopolies in the private sector.
d.
advise the Administration on necessary policy agenda items.
e.
be an advocate for the public and special interest groups.
 

 13. 

Standard Operating Procedure, or SOP, does not do which of these things?
a.
save time
b.
create uniformity
c.
reduce “red tape”
d.
allow bureaucrats to be able to do other similar jobs in the bureaucracy
e.
set procedures that are universally followed
 

 14. 

Of the following, which is NOT best described as a street-level bureaucrat?
a.
Department of Agriculture field representative
b.
postal carrier
c.
welfare case agent
d.
law enforcement agent
e.
Under Secretary of Defense
 

 15. 

Following the passage of regulatory legislation, Congress
a.
seeks the input of interest groups and lobbyists for the rules it needs to implement.
b.
gives the regulatory agencies the power to create the necessary rules and regulation.
c.
relies on the Courts to approve the regulations for implementation.
d.
creates new bills called riders to ‘fill in the blanks” on regulations for the bureaucracy to follow.
e.
has the White House Executive Office write the policy implementation regulations.
 

 16. 

The President can NOT control the bureaucracy by means of
a.
attempts at budget controls.
b.
issuing executive orders defining regulations.
c.
rewriting statutes to clarify his wishes.
d.
appointing like-minded heads for agencies and departments.
e.
using his executive powers to restructure the bureaucracy to comply with his demands.
 

 17. 

Which of these would NOT represent an “iron triangle?”
a.
the House Committee on Agriculture, the Farm Bureau, and the Department of Agriculture
b.
the Department of Defense, the Boeing Military Aircraft Corporation, and the Senate Armed Service Committee.
c.
the Exxon Corporation, the Department of Energy, and the House Committee on Resources.
d.
the Small Business Administration, the President’s Trade Advisor, and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
e.
the House Education Committee, the Department of Education, and the National Association of Secondary School Principals.
 

 18. 

Congress can attempt to control the bureaucracy by doing all of the following EXCEPT
a.
denying confirmation of a department head not aligning with Congressional desires.
b.
rewriting legislation to spell out regulations.
c.
holding hearings to expose bureaucratic actions.
d.
debating withholding funding from offending bureaucratic agencies or departments.
e.
firing bureaucratic chiefs who oppose Congressional policy.
 

 19. 

Most Congressional oversight of the bureaucracy is accomplished in, or accomplished by
a.
the committees and subcommittees in the Senate or House.
b.
the House Committee of the Whole.
c.
the House Rules Committee.
d.
the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate.
e.
the personal staff members of the Representatives and Senators.
 

 20. 

The stock markets and bond markets are regulated by which regulatory agency?
a.
the Federal Trade Commission
b.
the Federal Communications Commission
c.
the Federal Reserve Board
d.
the Security and Exchange Commission
e.
the National Labor Relations Board
 



 
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