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Online Lessons 28-29-30-31



This test covers the following lessons –
From the Edwards text, Government in America, Chapter 16:  The Federal Courts
and
University of California Open Access APGovPol Course
Unit 3:  The Institutions of Government
Chapter 9:  The Judiciary
      Lesson 28:  The Federal Court System
      Lesson 29:  Historical Supreme Courts
      Lesson 30:  The Nature of the Supreme Court
      Lesson 31:  The Modern Supreme Court

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Constitution provided for
a.
a Supreme Court and an intricate system of lower federal courts.
b.
a Supreme Court, federal courts, and state courts all connected in one federal system.
c.
a federal court system that could include a Supreme Court and appellate courts.
d.
state courts and the ability of Congress to create whatever federal courts it deemed necessary.
e.
a Supreme Court and whatever other courts Congress deemed necessary and proper.
 

 2. 

The point of origin for most cases in the federal system would be
a.
legislative courts.
b.
the appellate courts.
c.
the Supreme Court.
d.
the federal district courts.
e.
specialized courts.
 

 3. 

The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
a.
hears appeals in specialized cases such as copyright law, patents, and tariffs.
b.
hears appeals from all federal district courts.
c.
conducts oversight on the Supreme Court.
d.
is a court of original jurisdiction.
e.
hears only military appeals resulting from court martial proceedings.
 

 4. 

The Supreme Court today consists of a Chief Justice and
a.
nine associate justices.
b.
two assistant chief justices and six associate justices.
c.
eight associate justices.
d.
twelve associate justices, one of which is designated as assistant to the Chief Justice.
e.
four assistant justices making a total of five.
 

 5. 

The Supreme Court’s docket is mainly comprised of cases from
a.
state criminal courts.
b.
law suits from state civil courts.
c.
civil cases from federal courts.
d.
its original jurisdiction.
e.
United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
 

 6. 

Which of the following statements concerning federal judges is NOT true?
a.
Federal judges are appointed by the president.
b.
Federal judges, with the exception of a few who work in specialized courts, have life tenure.
c.
Federal judges cannot have their salaries reduced while in office.
d.
Federal judges require confirmation by the Senate, once they are appointed by the President.
e.
Federal judges must be natural-born citizens, born in the United States.
 

 7. 

After being appointed by the President, a Supreme Court nominee is investigated by
a.
the House Committee on Judges and Justices.
b.
the Senate Judiciary Committee.
c.
the FBI and the Justice Department.
d.
the Attorney General.
e.
the House Rules Committee.
 

 8. 

John Marshall strengthened the power of the Supreme Court by invoking judicial review in
a.
McCulloch v. Maryland.
b.
Gibbons v. Ogden.
c.
Marbury v. Madison.
d.
Brown v. Board of Education.
e.
Scott v. Sandford.
 

 9. 

The example of President Eisenhower selecting Earl Warren to the Supreme Court demonstrates
a.
the wisdom of putting a friend on the Court.
b.
the ability of a President to select the right man for the administrations purposes.
c.
the importance of partisanship in selecting Supreme Court justices.
d.
the possibility that a person’s past record might not reflect his or her actions on the Court, once appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
e.
how a President can get his nominee rejected by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
 

 10. 

The most common manner for a case to come before the Supreme Court is
a.
on a writ of certiorari.
b.
on a writ of mandamus.
c.
as an amicus curiae brief.
d.
as a stare decisis case.
e.
on a per curiam decision.
 

 11. 

The concept of original intent means
a.
the Supreme Court must decide cases as the original court of jurisdiction intended them to be decided.
b.
all cases must be decided based on the basis of stare decisis.
c.
the 14thAmendment must be considered in all cases dealing with the Bill of Rights as originally written by the Founders.
d.
judges should determine the purposes of the writers of the Constitution when deciding the outcome of cases, today.
e.
amicus curiae briefs must be the original basis of the Supreme Court’s rulings.
 

 12. 

President Nixon, hoping to move the court toward an attitude of “strict construction,” selected ___?___ as the Chief Justice in 1969.
a.
Earl Warren
b.
John Marshall
c.
Warren Burger
d.
William Rehnquist
e.
Sandra Day O’Connor
 

 13. 

That the Supreme Court should be an advocate for the under-represented, and for groups who are politically weak, would be an argument in favor of
a.
judicial restraint.
b.
judicial activism.
c.
judicial review.
d.
original intent.
e.
stare decisis.
 

 14. 

When Alexander Hamilton stated that “the Constitution ought to be the standard of construction for the laws, and ... wherever there is an evident opposition; the laws ought to give place to the Constitution…” he was advocating for
a.
loose construction of the Constitution by the courts.
b.
strict construction of the Constitution by the courts.
c.
the Courts to disregard the Constitution and do what they saw as correct.
d.
stare decisis in all cases.
e.
judicial activism.
 

 15. 

The general welfare clause and the necessary and proper clause are used as points of argument for those favoring
a.
judicial professionalism.
b.
judicial restraint.
c.
original intent.
d.
constitutionalism.
e.
loose construction of the Constitution.
 

 16. 

Which of the following cases is NOT one that the Warren Court established?
a.
Brown v. Board of Education
b.
Mapp v. Ohio
c.
Gideon v. Wainwright
d.
Roe v. Wade
e.
Engel v. Vitale
 

 17. 

When a justice on the Supreme Court agrees with the majority opinion of the Court but wishes to announce a different Constitutional or legal basis for the decision, the justice would write a
a.
minority opinion.
b.
concurring opinion.
c.
amicus curiae brief.
d.
dissenting opinion.
e.
per curiam ruling.
 

 18. 

In order for the Supreme Court to hear a case,
a.
a lower court must request the hearing.
b.
at least four of the justices must agree to hear the case.
c.
a major Constitutional issue must be questioned.
d.
the President must ask for the hearing.
e.
the Chief Justice must want the case to appear on the Court’s official docket.
 

 19. 

Today, most federal judges are selected by Presidents based primarily on their
a.
political ideology.
b.
partisanship
c.
judicial experience.
d.
credentials and their resume.
e.
friendship with the President before the nomination.
 

 20. 

Which of the following is NOT true concerning Senatorial courtesy?
a.
Nominees for the federal bench are not confirmed if it is opposed by the senator of the President’s party from the home state of the nominee.
b.
Presidents usually contact the Senators from a nominee’s home state prior to making the official announcement to avoid later problems with Senatorial courtesy.
c.
The tradition of Senatorial courtesy places a great amount of power for the nomination process in the hands of the Senators.
d.
Senatorial courtesy is an old fashioned tradition which is not always followed by Presidents today.
e.
Senators may invoke Senatorial courtesy without documentation or proof of why a nominee is unfit for the job.
 



 
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