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Online Lessons 32-33-34-35-36-37-38 Practice Test



This test covers the following lessons –
From the Edwards text, Government in America, Chapter 4:  Civil Liberties and Public Policy
and
Unit 4:  Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Chapter 10:  Civil Liberties:  The Bill of Rights Today
      Lesson 32:  Incorporation
      Lesson 33:  The Establishment Clause
      Lesson 34:  The Free Expression Clause
      Lesson 35:  Freedom of Speech
      Lesson 36:  Freedom of the Press
      Lesson 37:  The Fourth Amendment
      Lesson 38:  Due Process and Criminal Rights

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Life, liberty, and property are considered to be the
a.
undeniable rights as found by Hobbes and later Madison.
b.
debatable rights that Locke said could be altered by government.
c.
unalienable rights that should never be removed by government.
d.
susceptible rights that can be removed at the whim of government.
e.
established responsibilities of the people toward the government.
 

 2. 

Which of the following are NOT rights found within Article One or Article Three of the Constitution?
a.
the right of habeas corpus
b.
government shall not pass ex post facto laws
c.
government shall not pass bills of attainder
d.
government shall not infringe on religious beliefs
e.
trials by the federal government shall be by jury
 

 3. 

The early Supreme Court case that excluded the Bill of Rights from applying to the actions of state governments was
a.
Marbury v. Madison.
b.
Barron v. Baltimore.
c.
Gibbons v. Ogden.
d.
Gitlow v. New York.
e.
Scott v. Stanford.
 

 4. 

The Supreme Court first ruled that part of the First Amendment should be nationalized or incorporated to apply to the state governments in which of the following?
a.
the Slaughterhouse Case
b.
Marbury v. Madison
c.
Brown v. Board of Education
d.
the Dred Scott Case
e.
Gitlow v. New York
 

 5. 

The statement “No state shall…deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law…” appears in
a.
the First Amendment.
b.
Article One of the Constitution.
c.
the Declaration of Independence.
d.
the Fourteenth Amendment.
e.
the Preamble to the Constitution.
 

 6. 

To say that the Supreme Court has selectively incorporated the Bill of Rights would be to say that
a.
in a case by case, right by right deliberation the Court has applied certain parts of the Bill of Rights to the states.
b.
the Supreme Court finds some parts of the Bill of Right too unimportant to bother with.
c.
the Supreme Court has found in several cases that the Bill of Rights should never apply to the states, thus challenging the entire process of incorporation.
d.
the states have rejected the selective nationalization of the Bill of Rights.
e.
selective justices have always opposed any nationalization of the Bill of Rights.
 

 7. 

The term “wall of separation” referring to the separation of church and state comes from
a.
the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
b.
Article One, Section 2 of the Constitution.
c.
a letter written by Thomas Jefferson to the Danbury Baptists, explaining the intentions of the Founding Fathers when they wrote the Constitution in 1787.
d.
James Madison’s Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments, as a protest against British Colonial policies requiring all colonists to attend Sunday church services at an Anglican Church.
e.
Thomas Jefferson’s Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty.
 

 8. 

Of the following Supreme Court Cases, which is NOT an Establishment Clause case?
a.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
b.
Engel v. Vitale
c.
Jaffree v. Wallace
d.
Westside Community Schools v. Mergens
e.
Mapp v. Ohio
 

 9. 

The ___?___ of the Constitution guarantees citizens the right to believe and practice their religion without government interference.
a.
Free Exercise Clause
b.
Establishment Clause
c.
Necessary and Proper Clause
d.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
e.
Exceptions Clause
 

 10. 

Any direct form of written or oral communication that is targeted toward a specific individual or group including face-to-face communication, broadcast speech, or written publications can be termed as
a.
speech plus.
b.
pure speech.
c.
commercial speech.
d.
implied speech
e.
undirected speech
 

 11. 

Chaplinsky v. the State of New Hampshire, Scheck v. the United States, and Gitlow v. New York are all cases that demonstrate that
a.
there are limits on freedom of religion.
b.
there are limits on the issue of search and seizure.
c.
the government can really place no limits on religion.
d.
the government can really place no limits on free speech or expression.
e.
there are circumstances and times when free speech can be limited by the government.
 

 12. 

The Supreme Court case that established that government could not invoke prior restraint or censorship on publications was
a.
Tinker v. Des Moines School District.
b.
Johnson v. Texas.
c.
Near v. Minnesota.
d.
Roth v. United States.
e.
New York Times v. Sullivan.
 

 13. 

The Fourth Amendment was written in part to ensure the newly-established U.S. government did not allow ___?___, as the British had prior to the Revolutionary War.
a.
writs of assistance
b.
writs of habeas corpus
c.
writs of certiorari
d.
writs of mandamus
e.
writs of probable cause
 

 14. 

A legal document, signed by a judge, authorizing authorities to conduct a lawful search or seizure with probable cause is called a(n)
a.
decree.
b.
warrant.
c.
indictment.
d.
incrimination statement.
e.
writ of assistance.
 

 15. 

Which of the following Supreme Court cases is NOT a Fourth Amendment case?
a.
Katz v. United States
b.
Terry v. Ohio
c.
New Jersey v. TLO
d.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
e.
California v. Avecedo
 

 16. 

As the result of the Supreme Court’s rulings in Weeks v. United States and Mapp v. Ohio, both cases helped establish the
a.
right of privacy.
b.
Prohibition Clause.
c.
Establishment Clause.
d.
speech plus doctrine.
e.
exclusionary rule.
 

 17. 

The Supreme Court in ___?___agreed and declared that all persons should be informed of their rights at the time of arrest to ensure that they know and understand their civil liberties.
a.
Mapp v. Ohio
b.
Gideon v. Wainwright
c.
Miranda v. Arizona
d.
Engel v. Vitale
e.
Brown v. Board of Education
 

 18. 

The Sixth Amendment allows for a “speedy trial,” which today is commonly assumed to be
a.
within 100 days of arrest barring extraordinary needs or circumstances.
b.
within one year, unless the defendant or prosecution needs more time.
c.
within 30 days, so that those unable to make bail will not be unduly punished.
d.
as soon as the judge can set the date, which is usually within a month or two.
e.
whenever the courts can fit the case into the docket.
 

 19. 

The right to have counsel has been looked at in all of the following Supreme Court cases with the exception of
a.
Gideon v. Wainwright.
b.
Powell v. Alabama.
c.
Mapp v. Ohio.
d.
Escobedo v. Illinois.
e.
Betts v. Brady.
 

 20. 

The death penalty controversy hinges on the interpretation of “cruel and unusual punishment” from 
a.
the Ninth Amendment.
b.
Article Three of the Constitution.
c.
the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Slaughterhouse Cases.
d.
the Magna Carta.
e.
the Eighth Amendment.
 



 
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