Name: 
 

Judicial Branch Practice Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

When courts have the authority to hear cases for the very first time, they are said to have _____?_____ jurisdiction.
a.
statute
b.
local
c.
appellate
d.
original
e.
concurrent
 

 2. 

When cases can be decided in either federal courts or state courts (such as the robbery of a federally-insured bank or lawsuits between people from two different states), they are said to have _____?_____ jurisdiction.
a.
original
b.
federal
c.
appellate
d.
concurrent
e.
interstate
 

 3. 

Under their appellate jurisdiction, courts of appeals may do which of the following?
a.
uphold the original decision of a lower court
b.
reverse, or modify the decision of a lower court
c.
send the case back for re-trial in a lower court
d.
None of these is a correct answer.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 4. 

The U.S. Supreme Court’s power of _____?_____  is its authority to judge whether the acts of the other two branches of government are constitutional.
a.
appellate jurisdiction
b.
courts martial
c.
judicial review
d.
legislative veto
e.
pocket veto
 

 5. 

Federal courts of appeals are referred to as _____?_____ courts.
a.
federal
b.
district
c.
circuit
d.
regional
e.
supreme
 

 6. 

In federal district courts, _____?_____ juries bring indictments (charges) against people who they suspect of breaking federal laws.
a.
grand
b.
petit
c.
criminal
d.
legislative
e.
minimal
 

 7. 

The “court of last resort” is the U.S. _____?_____ .
a.
Supreme Court
b.
Constitutional Court
c.
Congressional Court
d.
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia
e.
Circuit Court
 

 8. 

All appointments of federal judges are made by _____?_____ .
a.
a committee of the American Bar Association
b.
the Supreme Court
c.
the Senate
d.
the President
e.
the Congress
 

 9. 

Historically, which of the following describes a typical nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court?
a.
he is from the same political party as the President
b.
he is a white male
c.
he has attended a prestigious, Ivy League law school
d.
he and the President agreeing political ideologies
e.
All of the above
 

 10. 

An order from the U.S. Supreme Court to a lower court to prepare and send records of a case for their review is called a (Latin phrase) _____?_____ .
a.
noblesse oblige
b.
writ of lessaiz faire
c.
sic semper tyrannis
d.
writ of habeas corpus
e.
writ of certiorari
 

 11. 

Which of the following is a reason why the U.S. Supreme Court may refuse to even hear arguments in a case on appeal?
a.
There was no one harmed in some manner.
b.
The case will not make any difference – it has become a “moot point.”
c.
The case asks the court to decide in advance if a proposed law is unconstitutional.
d.
All of these are reasons why the court may deny an appeal.
e.
None of these are reasons why the court may deny an appeal.
 

 12. 

In cases where an individual making an appeal cannot afford the filing costs or attorneys’ fees, the Court will allow an application for _____?_____ (Latin phrase) to allow for a free petition for an appeal and attorney costs.
a.
writ of mandamus
b.
writ of habeus corpus
c.
informa pauperis
d.
a bill of attainder
e.
an ex post facto
 

 13. 

Written documents arguing one side of a legal case are called _____?_____ .
a.
dockets
b.
calendars
c.
briefs
d.
pajamas
e.
boxers
 

 14. 

Often, interest groups file legal documents called _____?_____ (Latin phrase) to state their support of one side in a case.
a.
amicus curiae briefs
b.
writs of habeus corpus
c.
defense liens
d.
contracts au gratin
e.
supremacy clauses
 

 15. 

After a vote is taken on a case, one of the justices is assigned the job of creating the _____?_____ that summarizes the case, presents the questions of law, presents the Court’s ruling and the Court’s reasoning.
a.
brief
b.
majority opinion
c.
precedent
d.
en banq ruling
e.
judicial review
 

 16. 

If the Chief Justice votes with the majority on a case, he/she may either write the opinion him/herself, or may assign that task to
a.
the most senior justice who holds a dissenting opinion.
b.
the most senior justice who holds an opinion agreeing with the majority.
c.
the President Pro Tempore of the Senate.
d.
the Clerk of the Court.
e.
no one else.
 

 17. 

Supreme Court Justices who believe that their decisions in cases should not go against the wishes of Congress and/or the President (unless, of course, their actions clearly violate the law of the land) are said to uphold the principle of  ___?___ .  
a.
judicial review
b.
judicial activism
c.
judicial restraint
d.
stare decisis
e.
informa pauperis
 

 18. 

Supreme Court rulings that enlarge the role of the courts in changing society, expanding people’s civil liberties and civil rights protections uphold which legal principle?
a.
judicial activism
b.
judicial restraint
c.
writ of mandamus
d.
writ of certiorari
e.
stare decisis
 

 19. 

The Supreme Court’s civil liberties and civil rights rulings that increased protections for individuals in their dealings with law enforcement and the courts system came mostly during which period?
a.
the period just after the First World War
b.
during the conservative “Reagan Era,” of the 1980s
c.
during the liberal “Warren Court,” of the 1950s and 1960s
d.
during the conservative “Roberts Court” and the George W. Bush adminstration
e.
the period between the Civil War and the Great Depression of the 1930s
 

 20. 

Which of the following Presidents was involved in a scheme to “pack” the Supreme Court with his own appointees?
a.
Woodrow Wilson
b.
Franklin Roosevelt
c.
Ronald Reagan
d.
Bill Clinton
e.
George Washington
 

 21. 

The Miranda Warning includes which of the following?
a.
a warning that the suspect must give his/her name, address and telephone number to law enforcement officers
b.
a warning that the crime the suspect is accused of may be so serious that he/she cannot be bailed out of jail for any amount of money
c.
a warning that the suspect has the right to remain silent
d.
a warning that the suspect may be questioned by law enforcement officers
e.
a warning that the suspect will have to pay for his/her own attorney
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 22. 

The U.S. Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction as well as the authority to hear cases for the first time.
 

 23. 

A case in which the armed forces believe that military law has been broken by a soldier or sailor would be heard in a trial called a court martial.
 

 24. 

Interest groups such as the NAACP, the American Civil Liberties Union, National Organization for Women and – more recently – conservative/right wing ideological groups all have played an important role in the process of making appointments to the U.S. Supreme Court.
 



 
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