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End of Course Practice Quiz - The  Legislative  Branch



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The legislative branch of our national government is created by
a.
the Declaration of Independence.
b.
the Bill of Rights.
c.
Article One of the Constitution.
d.
Article Seven of the Constitution.
e.
the Federalist Papers.
 

 2. 

Under the Constitution, Congress has the power to
a.
make laws for state governments.
b.
declare laws unconstitutional.
c.
wage war against foreign nations.
d.
force presidents to make treaties with foreign nations.
e.
create, equip, and fund the armed forces.
 

 3. 

What kinds of things can Congress offer for sale, in order to raise money for the national government?
a.
Treasury bonds
b.
Treasury notes
c.
Treasury certificates
d.
all of these
e.
none of these
 

 4. 

A number of specific powers are granted to Congress to set uniform standards for commerce and trade.  Which of the following is an example of this?
a.
Congress has the power to coin money.
b.
Congress has the power to regulate the value of money in the U.S.
c.
Congress has the power to set standards for weights and measures.
d.
Congress has the power to regulate trade on goods coming into the country from foreign nations.
e.
All of these answers are correct.
 

 5. 

A tax on the production and sale of certain goods within a country (often placed on tobacco, alcohol, and tires) is called a(n)
a.
tariff.
b.
income tax.
c.
excise tax.
d.
import tax.
e.
duty.
 

 6. 

The exclusive right to publish, distribute or sell a book is called
a.
a copyright.
b.
a tariff.
c.
a patent.
d.
a trademark.
e.
distribution rights.
 

 7. 

The part of the Constitution that gives Congress the power to make any laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers is known as the
a.
9th Amendment.
b.
Bill of Rights.
c.
elastic clause.
d.
commerce clause.
e.
establishment clause.
 

 8. 

The "legislative veto" is a tactic designed to reduce the
a.
power of the courts to declare war on foreign nations.
b.
size of the federal bureaucracy.
c.
power of the executive branch.
d.
power of the Congress.
e.
amount of paperwork members of Congress have to do.
 

 9. 

A “legislative veto” was declared unconstitutional in a U.S. Supreme Court decision titled
a.
Montague v. Capulet.
b.
Crooks v. DeJaylor.
c.
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha.
d.
Brown v. Topeka, Kansas Board of Education.
e.
Miranda v. Arizona.
 

 10. 

Which of these is an example of an “expressed” power granted by the Constitution to the national government?
a.
To make treaties with other nations
b.
To protect our borders by passing immigration laws
c.
To regulate the process by which people can become naturalized citizens
d.
To raise an army and navy, and wage war against other nations
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 11. 

Which of the following is an example of the power of the U.S. Senate to “advise and consent”?
a.
It can vote to approve or disapprove presidential appointments of powerful executive branch officials.
b.
It can vote to approve or disapprove presidential appointments of U.S. ambassadors to foreign nations.
c.
It can vote to approve or disapprove presidential appointments of members of the federal judiciary.
d.
It can vote to approve or disapprove treaties or other formal agreements between the U.S. and foreign nations.
e.
It can give its advice and its consent (or not consent) to all of the above.
 

 12. 

Which of the following is an example of the implied powers of the national government?
a.
the creation of a modern air force
b.
the printing of paper currency
c.
the purchase of the Louisiana Territory by President Thomas Jefferson
d.
None of these are examples of our national government’s implied powers.
e.
All of these are examples of our national government’s implied powers.
 

 13. 

Congress is granted by the Constitution certain non-legislative powers.  Which of the following is a non-legislative power of Congress?
a.
the counting of Electoral College ballots and certifying the outcome of presidential elections
b.
impeachment of executive branch officials and federal judges
c.
approval of presidential appointments, under the power of “advice and consent”
d.
approval or rejection of formal treaties with other nations
e.
All of these are non-legislative powers of Congress.
 

 14. 

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives are elected
a.
every year, in November.
b.
for a two-year term of office.
c.
on January 3rd, following the presidential election in November.
d.
for a six-year term of office.
e.
for a four-year term of office.
 

 15. 

If a U.S. Senator resigns or dies in office, how may the vacant seat be filled?
a.
The President of the U.S. decides who the next senator will be by choosing from a list of candidates given to him by the U.S. Senate leadership.
b.
A special election is held, with candidates nominated by the state legislature.
c.
Either the president or the governor of the state may appoint a replacement.
d.
Either a member of the senator's family fills the seat or the seat remains vacant until the next congressional election.
e.
Either the governor of the state may call a special election or the state legislature may grant the governor the power to appoint a replacement.
 

 16. 

Originally (until the turn of the last century), U.S. Senators were chosen by
a.
lawmakers at each state capitol.
b.
members of the federal judicial branch.
c.
the President of the U.S.
d.
direct vote of the citizens in each state.
e.
members of the Electoral College.
 

 17. 

Since the ratification of the ___?___ by 3/4 of the states, U.S. Senators have been elected by popular vote of the citizens of each state.
a.
16th Amendment
b.
17th Amendment
c.
the Bill of Rights
d.
U.S. Constitution
e.
the Presidential Succession Act of 1949
 

 18. 

How does the election of the members of our national legislature carry out the principle of “popular sovereignty”?
a.
It makes it possible for the President and Congress to protect the U.S. from invasion.
b.
It creates a power struggle between the Senate and the House of Representatives.
c.
It makes cooperation possible between the three branches of our national government.
d.
It makes it possible for the people of the U.S. to elect their own representatives in Congress.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 19. 

How many (total) Senators are there in the U.S. Senate?
a.
fifty
b.
sixty-seven
c.
four hundred thirty-five
d.
one hundred
e.
None of these answers is correct.
 

 20. 

The census, the official survey of the United States population taken every ten years, is taken because
a.
it is required by the Constitution.
b.
seats in the House of Representatives must be re-distributed among the states.
c.
census figures will help to calculate re-apportionment of representatives among the states.
d.
re-apportionment and re-districting are both based on census figures.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 21. 

Congress determines how many members of the House of Representatives each state is entitled to, but it is up to the ___?____ to divide each state into electoral districts.
a.
U.S. Supreme Court
b.
U.S. Senate
c.
House of Representatives
d.
state governors
e.
state legislatures
 

 22. 

Since the end of World War Two, the population of the United States has generally shifted from
a.
West to North and Northeast.
b.
North and East to the South and Southwest
c.
South to North.
d.
large cities to small towns.
e.
suburban areas to urban areas.
 

 23. 

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives must be at least ___?___ years of age when they take office.
a.
21
b.
25
c.
30
d.
35
e.
There is no minimum age for Representatives.
 

 24. 

Members of the U.S. Senate must be at least ___?___ years of age when they take office.
a.
18
b.
21
c.
25
d.
30
e.
35
 

 25. 

Under the Constitution, Congress has the right to make laws for all of the following EXCEPT
a.
our nation's capital.
b.
our nation’s territories.
c.
the states.
d.
our nation as a whole.
e.
None of these is a correct answer.
 

 26. 

As a group, members of Congress differ from their constituents in a number of important ways.  Which of the following is a true statement?
a.
Members of Congress are generally much wealthier than the population of the U.S.
b.
Overall, Congress tends to be much “whiter” than the population of the U.S.
c.
Members of Congress are much better-educated than their constituents.
d.
Congress has a larger percentage of males than the population as a whole.
e.
Members of Congress are more of all of these things.
 

 27. 

Congressional immunity gives members of Congress
a.
immunity from arrest while attending legislative sessions.
b.
immunity from arrest while traveling to and from legislative sessions.
c.
exemption from jury duty while they are members of Congress.
d.
immunity from prosecution for slanderous remarks made on the house floor.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 28. 

Which of the following U.S. Supreme Court cases helped to reinforce the principle of “one person, one vote” in the election of representatives to our national legislature?
a.
Miranda v. Arizona, 1966
b.
Kramer v. Kramer, 1982
c.
Baker v. Carr, 1962
d.
Brown v. Board of Education, 1954
e.
State of California v. Orenthal James Simpson, 1995
 

 29. 

The franking privilege gives members of Congress
a.
taxpayer-paid travel to their home districts.
b.
taxpayer-paid computer, email and Internet services.
c.
taxpayer-paid mail service between their offices and their constituents back home.
d.
an allowance to maintain an office in their home district or state.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 30. 

Members of Congress who believe they have been elected to make independent judgments on the issues that come before them (rather than to simply follow their constituents' wishes) are said to view themselves in which of the following “roles” as representatives?
a.
indispensable role
b.
politico role
c.
trustee role
d.
delegate role
e.
incumbent role
 

 31. 

Members of Congress who believe they have been elected to simply follow their constituents' wishes on the issues that come before them (rather than make independent judgments) are said to view themselves in which of the following “roles” as representatives?
a.
trustee role
b.
incumbent role
c.
delegate role
d.
politico role
e.
simpatico role
 

 32. 

Members of Congress who are accused of “going on junkets” might have been
a.
abusing the franking privilege by charging their constituents fees for “casework.”
b.
using their “congressional immunity” to push the limits of freedom of speech.
c.
abusing their expense accounts to pay for unnecessary vacations at taxpayer expense
d.
using their power as chairperson of committees to stop a bill from getting to a vote.
e.
letting powerful interest groups tell them how to vote on important bills.
 

 33. 

Members of Congress are elected on the official federal election day, which is
a.
the first Tuesday in November, every two years.
b.
the first Monday after the first Tuesday in November, every four years.
c.
the first Tuesday in November, every four years.
d.
the first Monday after the first Tuesday in November, in odd-numbered years.
e.
the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, in even-numbered years.
 

 34. 

If a state is fortunate enough to gain a Representative after a census has taken place, which of the following politically-charged things is likely to occur next?
a.
reapportionment
b.
redistricting
c.
a filibuster
d.
a legislative veto
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 35. 

Only the Congress has the power to declare war.  Constitutionally, this would be called a(n) ___?___ power.
a.
expressed
b.
enumerated
c.
delegated
d.
All of these are correct answers.
e.
None of these are correct answers.
 

 36. 

The shift of our nation’s population from the northern and eastern regions to the Old South, southwestern region and Rocky Mountain states since World War Two has resulted in
a.
the election of several southerners to the presidency.
b.
an increase in the power of conservatives in the U.S. House of Representatives.
c.
an increase in the power of conservatives in the U.S. Senate.
d.
an increased number of conservatives appointed to the Supreme Court.
e.
All of these are correct answers.
 

 37. 

Which of the following is a true statement about the membership in the Congress?
a.
The membership of the Congress is an accurate reflection of our nation’s ethnic diversity.
b.
The membership of the Congress is an accurate reflection of the demographic split between males and females in our society.
c.
The membership of the Congress is an accurate reflection of the demographic split between rich, middle class and the poor in our society.
d.
The membership of the Congress is an accurate reflection of the occupations in which most Americans work.
e.
None of these is a true statement about the membership of Congress.
 

 38. 

Which of the following, enacted in 1992, required members of Congress to have to go through an election before they could receive an increase in their pay?
a.
the Federal Salary Protection Act
b.
the 27th Amendment
c.
Article VIII of the Constitution
d.
the Congressional Pay Regulation Act
e.
the Selective Service Act
 

 39. 

Which of the following is NOT a perquisite for members of Congress?
a.
their base salary of approximately $180,000 per year
b.
a suite of offices, both in the nation’s capitol and at home
c.
taxpayer-paid travel and free postage for mail to constituentt
d.
research services made available through the Library of Congress
e.
taxpayer-paid telephone and computer services
 

 40. 

Which of the following is an example of a “pork barrel project”?
a.
A member of the state legislature obtains funding for scholarships for low income students across Missouri.
b.
A U.S. Senator convinces two-thirds of the members of the Senate to vote “yes” on an international treaty to ban the testing of nuclear weapons.
c.
A member of the U.S. House of Representatives agrees to support a bill that will appropriate the $5 billion needed to repair all the run-down public school buildings across the United States.
d.
A member of the U.S. Senate sponsors a bill to appropriate funds to build a dam, a new federal office building, and to purchase land for a new national park in her home state.
e.
All of these are examples of pork barrel projects.
 

 41. 

The "lame duck" amendment was passed in response to charges that
a.
newly elected members of Congress required  more than two months to assemble staffs and prepare for the duties of office.
b.
members of Congress could not perform their jobs well if they had to run for reelection for every other year.
c.
members of Congress were hiring large staffs do their work for them.
d.
members of Congress who didn’t get re-elected were wasting taxpayers' money by passing spending bills that set up pork barrel projects for their supporters and friends.
 

 42. 

When a congressional session formally ends, it is said to
a.
recess.
b.
adjourn.
c.
commence.
d.
terminate.
 

 43. 

The leader of the Senate with the most law-making authority is the
a.
Majority Leader.
b.
President of the Senate.
c.
President Pro Tempore of the Senate.
d.
Speaker.
 

 44. 

Which of the following is NOT a congressional staff member's responsibility?
a.
researching to prepare bills
b.
writing letters to constituents
c.
doing casework
d.
voting on legislation
 

 45. 

Committees in either house that are created for a specific purpose and a limited period of time are known as
a.
standing committees
b.
subcommittees
c.
steering committees
d.
select committees
 

 46. 

When Congress sets aside money for a specific purpose it is called an
a.
arbitration.
b.
approval.
c.
appropriation.
d.
appraisal.
 

 47. 

A resolution that must be passed by both houses and signed by the President is known as a
a.
simple resolution.
b.
binding resolution.
c.
concurrent resolution.
d.
joint resolution.
 

 48. 

The House committee that decides the order in which bill will be considered and sets conditions for debate is the
a.
Ways and Means Committee.
b.
Rules Committee.
c.
Calendar Committee.
d.
House Works Committee.
 

 49. 

Attempting to monopolize debate in an effort to block passage of a bill is called
a.
a filibuster.
b.
reconciliation.
c.
cloture.
d.
a compensation.
 

 50. 

In the Senate only, a “rider” is best described as
a.
a motion to kill a bill.
b.
a motion to send a bill back to committee.
c.
an amendment that has nothing to do with the subject of a bill to which it is added.
d.
one of two officials who count Senators’ votes to insure accuracy.
 



 
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