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Practice Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were British political philosophers who wrote about the relationship between the people and their rulers. Which of the following statements would these two men have agreed with?
a.
A social contract exists between a government and its people.
b.
No social contract exists between a government and its people.
c.
Governments should have absolute power over the people.
d.
Governments should be democratic.
e.
All governments are evil and should not exist.
 

 2. 

Citizens grant sovereignty - power - to the government, in exchange for government protecting their rights.  Which of the following best describes this?
a.
a system of checks and balances
b.
separation of the powers of government
c.
limiting the powers of government
d.
the social contract between government and the people
e.
the rule of law
 

 3. 

In 2007, President Bush vetoed a bill that would  have established a timetable for removing American troops from Iraq. This is an example of which of the following?
a.
checks and balances in the powers of the three branches of government
b.
judicial review by the courts over the acts of the other branches of government
c.
separation of powers among the three branches of government
d.
the rule of law
e.
due process of law under the Constitution
 

 4. 

What do the U.S. Bill of Rights, the English Bill of Rights, and the English Magna Carta all have in common with each other?
a.
they all granted citizenship rights to more people
b.
they all increased voting rights for the citizens of England and America
c.
they all granted more and more power to the governents of England  and the U.S.
d.
they all limited the power of the two governments
e.
they all created new governments for the two nations
 

 5. 

The United States Constitution has granted more popular sovereignty - more power to the people - by doing which of these things?
a.
forbidding the creation of a national religion
b.
setting up three separate branches of government
c.
guaranteeing and protecting more and more voting rights
d.
creating new political parties
e.
creating and maintaining the armed forces of the nation
 

 6. 

The U.S. Constitution set up the date when our national elections are held in November, every two years, but the state of Missouri takes responsibility for actually setting up the elections on that day.  What is this an example of?
a.
separation of powers between the three branches of government
b.
federalism
c.
republican (representative) democracy
d.
democracy
e.
the social contract between the people and their government
 

 7. 

Which branch of government is charged with enforcing the law?
a.
fundamental
b.
legislative
c.
executive
d.
judicial
e.
law enforcement
 

 8. 

In several presidential election in U.S. history, the candidate who won the most popular vote did not win the election and become president. Why?
a.
More large states voted for the winning candidate.
b.
The winner is actually chosen by Congress.
c.
The winner must have a majority of votes of the Electoral College.
d.
The Supreme Court actually chooses the winner of presidential elections.
e.
The winning candidate attended the required church on Sundays.
 

 9. 

The U.S. Constitution is often referred to as a “living document.” Why?
a.
It was written by a group that represented the people of the nation.
b.
The Constitution was written so that it applies only to the present.
c.
The Constitution was written so that it remains flexible and can change as needed.
d.
The Constitution encourages the capitalist economic system.
e.
The Constitution was actually written on parchment, which was created by processing sheepskin.
 

 10. 

Which of the following is an example of “checks and balances” that exist among the branches of our government?
a.
Congress makes laws; the President enforces them.
b.
Congress declares war; the President is Commander-in-Chief.
c.
The Chief Justice is the head of the Supreme Court; the President is Chief of State.
d.
The President negotiates treaties; Congress regulates interstate trade.
e.
Both state governments and the federal government can raise money through income taxes.
 

 11. 

Theodore Roosevelt split from the Republican Party in the presidential election of 1912 and ran as an independent candidate for the Progressive Party (often called the Bull Moose Party). Why did this result in a victory for Woodrow Wilson, the Democratic Party candidate?
a.
More Progressive Party voters chose Woodrow Wilson.
b.
More Democratic Party voters turned out to vote in this election.
c.
Republican voters were confused, so they did not bother to vote.
d.
Progressive Party voters were contented with the status quo, so they voted for Taft, the Republican.
e.
Republican Party voters split their votes between Taft and Roosevelt, while the Democratic Party voters were united in their support for Wilson.
 

 12. 

Which of the following describes the “enumerated,” or “expressed” powers of Congress?
a.
They cannot be changed.
b.
They are actually listed in the Constitution.
c.
They are granted by the United States Supreme Court.
d.
They were originally laws passed by Congress.
e.
They are found only in the Bill of Rights.
 

 13. 

Which of these amendments to the Constitution expanded Americans’ right to vote?
a.
the 15th Amendment
b.
the 19th Amendment
c.
the 23rd Amendment
d.
the 26th Amendment
e.
All of these amendments expanded Americans’ voting rights.
 

 14. 

A person would be prevented from being President of the U.S. under which of these conditions?
a.
she is not a member of the U.S. House of Representatives
b.
he is an Asian-American
c.
she is twenty-nine years old
d.
he is Jewish
e.
she is collecting Social Security benefits
 

 15. 

By the creation of a Congress, a President, and a Supreme Court, the framers of the Constitution created
a.
a separation of the powers of government.
b.
due process of law.
c.
the principle of judicial review.
d.
the Bill of Rights.
e.
a republican form of government.
 

 16. 

The Federalist Papers were important to the adoption of the Constitution in 1787-1788 because
a.
they pushed for the re-uniting of Great Britain with its American colonies.
b.
they pushed for the overthrow of the government.
c.
they were successful in pushing the states to ratify the new document, making it the basis for the new government.
d.
they pushed for amending the original Articles of Confederation.
e.
they pushed for adding a Bill of Rights to the original Constitution.
 

 17. 

Voters now have more say in the selection of presidential candidates than in the past. Which of the following best explains why?
a.
Political  parties are now less important than they used to be.
b.
There are more presidential primaries and caucuses than there used to be.
c.
More voters are allowed to participate at the national nominating conventions.
d.
The Internet allows voters to choose candidates online.
e.
More people are voting than ever before.
 

 18. 

The Constitution grants Congress the power to collect taxes, but it does not say how Congress should do that.  When Congress created the Internal Revenue System to collect taxes, it was exercising its power under the ___?___ .
a.
commerce clause of the Constitution.
b.
due process clause of the Constitution.
c.
establishment clause of the Constitution.
d.
free exercise clause of the Constitution.
e.
necessary and proper clause of the Constitution.
 

 19. 

Which of the following statements describes the relationship between the popular vote and the electoral vote?
a.
The popular vote is just for show and has no impact on the electoral vote.
b.
The electoral vote is just for show and receives to impact from the popular vote.
c.
The person with the most popular votes automatically gets the most electoral votes.
d.
In almost every state, the person with the most popular votes gets all the states’ electoral votes.
e.
The person with the most big-state electoral votes automatically must have the most popular votes.
 

 20. 

The branch of our national government that interprets the law is the ___?___ branch.
a.
popular
b.
judicial
c.
executive
d.
legislative
e.
electoral
 

 21. 

An example of a primary source would be which of the following?
a.
the U.S. Constitution
b.
the Kansas City Star newspaper
c.
the biography of a president, written by a famous historian
d.
an online straw poll, such as those found at CNN or MSNBC news Web sites
e.
All of these are examples of primary sources.
 

 22. 

In his Gettysburg Address, President Abraham Lincoln used these words: “... a government of the people, by the people, and for the people...”  Which of the following forms of government was he speaking about?
a.
anarchy
b.
democracy
c.
totalitarianism
d.
authoritarianism
e.
tribal
 

 23. 

Which of the following documents is a “secondary” source of information?
a.
the Bill of Rights
b.
a state law preventing child abuse
c.
a newspaper’s account of a natural disaster
d.
a map of America created by a Spanish map-maker during a trip to Peru in the 1500s
e.
None of these is a “secondary” source of information.
 

 24. 

Which of the following best describes how interest groups like MADD and SADD have influenced drinking and driving laws?
a.
They have blocked shipments of alcoholic beverages to many parts of the U.S.
b.
They have lobbied for strict enforcement of drunk-driving laws by government officials.
c.
They have raised large contributions of money for non-drinking candidates for public office.
d.
They have organized boycotts of stores that sell alcoholic beverages.
e.
None of the above describes how MADD and SADD have influenced drinking and driving laws.
 

 25. 

Whenever a President nominates a member of the Supreme Court and is confirmed by a vote of the Senate, it is an example of
a.
due process of the law.
b.
separation of powers.
c.
the prinicple of judicial review.
d.
our system of checks and balances between the branches of government.
e.
the use of Senatorial Courtesy by the president and his advisors.
 

 26. 

Political parties have helped to organize the day-to-day operations of Congress.  How have they done this?
a.
They decide which laws will be passed by the Congress.
b.
They inform voters on both sides on all issues and candidates.
c.
They elect leaders and officers such as the Speaker of the House.
d.
They keep the other branches of government informed on congressional actions.
e.
They do all of the above.
 

 27. 

In the presidential election of 1800, Thomas Jefferson became president without receiving a majority of the electoral votes.  How did this happen?
a.
He was elected by the Senate.
b.
He had the most popular votes.
c.
He was a popular war hero.
d.
He was elected by a vote of the House of Representatives.
e.
He was awarded the presidency by the Supreme Court, just as George W. Bush was in an election two centuries later..
 

 28. 

Which of the following describes an advantage the two major parties in America - the Democrats and the Republicans - have over the smaller minor parties?
a.
Only the two major parties are legal, in the United States.
b.
Democrats and Republicans have a much easier time raising money to pay for their campaigns.
c.
Third party candidates are often too well-known to be elected to the presidency.
d.
Third party candidates offer voters a third alternative to candidates from the two major parties.
e.
Democrats and Republicans tend to be much more left-wing or right-wing than the  voters from the third parties, making it easier for their candidates to get elected.
 

 29. 

The recent desire to give the people more say in the selection of candidates has resulted in
a.
party caucuses to select candidates.
b.
party primaries to select candidates.
c.
party conventions to select candidates.
d.
general elections to select candidates.
e.
more back-room deals by powerful party leaders to select candidates.
 

 30. 

The  role of the minority party in government is especially important because
a.
it serves as a “shadow” government.
b.
it provides alternatives to the policies of the majority party.
c.
it supports and defends the policies of the majority party.
d.
it works to overthrow the majority party before its term expires.
e.
None of the above.
 

 31. 

How did the Supreme Court’s ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) uphold Congress’ implied powers?
a.
It ruled that state constitutions were invalid under the Constitution.
b.
It ruled that all acts of Congress were legal.
c.
It ruled that states could not tax the federal government.
d.
It ruled Congress could expand its powers to carry out the Constitution.
e.
It ruled that the Congress could raise and maintain an army and navy.
 

 32. 

Under the Constitution, which branch of government makes the laws?
a.
legislative
b.
executive
c.
religious
d.
fundamental
e.
judicial
 

 33. 

Why is it that the United States can be called a democratic republic?
a.
all citizens are allowed to vote on all issues
b.
we have two major political parties, as well as numerous third parties
c.
all citizens are allowed to participate directly in governing on a daily basis
d.
citizens vote for representatives to make laws for us
e.
All of these.
 

 34. 

There were several major weaknesses of the government under the Articles of Confederation. Which of these is one of them?
a.
There was no real executive branch authority to enforce laws.
b.
There was no national courts system to offer trials to settle disputes or offer justice for laws that were broken.
c.
There was only a single house of Congress that  made up the entire government.
d.
The government lacked the ability to keep the thirteen states together into a single nation.
e.
All of these.
 

 35. 

Which of these is an accurate statement showing the positive influence the Articles of Confederation had on the newly-formed United States of America?
a.
The government created a strong currency and sufficient money supply for people to do business, pay their debts, and prosper.
b.
The Articles provided a strong central government, capable of doing what it needed to keep the nation together.
c.
It provided something of a framework for the Constitution that came later.
d.
It created an efficient and fair system for taxation.
e.
It provided a strong army and navy.
 

 36. 

According to Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, the British North American colonists had the right to revolt because
a.
they were so unhappy.
b.
they were Americans.
c.
Parliament had passed laws they did not like.
d.
King George III had broken the social contract.
e.
they were being represented in Parliament without taxation.
 

 37. 

How did the Supreme Court ruling in Marbury v. Madison (1803) create the principle of judicial review?
a.
It ruled in favor of William Marbury.
b.
It overrode the veto of President Adams.
c.
It upheld the Alien and Sedition Acts to be unconstitutional.
d.
It declared a law passed by Congress to be unconstitutional (for the first time).
e.
It said that Marbury and Madison could not legally create a business contract, since they were residing within the District of Columbia.
 

 38. 

Which of the following was true of French relations with Native Americans?
a.
The French appropriated significant amounts of land for fur trading.
b.
The French were proud that they were considered tougher on Indians than their English and Spanish counterparts.
c.
The French sent nuns to try to Christianize the natives, because they understood that gender relations were different among Native Americans than they were among whites.
d.
Native Americans resented that the French had no need for their help in the fur trade.
e.
Jesuit missionaries tried to convert Native Americans, but gave them far more independence than did Spanish missionaries.
 



 
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