ØThis is the basic guarantee
of civil rights for all Americans –
“citizenship” as anyone born or naturalized in the U.S.
prohibited from enforcing any law that takes away the
rights, privileges, and immunities guaranteed to U.S. citizens without first making
certain that “due process of law” has been carried out.
ØAll persons are
guaranteed “equal protection of the laws,” regardless of who they are or what
their race, religion, or country of origin happens to be.